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Finance & Accounting Term Paper

Adoption of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 as an Important Piece of Legislation
This act clearly specifies the responsibilities associated with the organizational financial accounting. Sarbanes-Oxley Act has also introduced a mechanism of internal controls and monitoring to assure the credibility of financial reporting (US Securities and Exchange Commission, 2010: Online). According to this act, the companies are required to tag an internal control report with every financial report (US Securities and Exchange Commission, 2010: Online). The yearly financial reports are
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Term Paper
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Financial Analysis of Target Corp. and JCPenney
Target may have a higher price to book value (PBV) and therefore appears more expensive than JC Penney in this regard, but based on PER Target is still cheaper at only 10 times, compared to JC Penney’s nearly 18 times. Target also gives out a higher cash dividend per share, even though payout ratio is smaller and more earnings are being retained in the company.The balance sheets show that Target’s assets are more than two times that of JC Penney although they have roughly the same number
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Term Paper
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Fraud, Errors and Illegal Acts
Management should bear the cost of compliance to improve / revamp existing system for an effective internal control. Auditors should not encroach upon the discretions of management for implementation of comprehensive procedure concerning effective internal controls or overcome the internal control deficiencies. Auditors shall advise the management or the competent committee on audit to initiate the process of effective internal control as early as possible (Gay, Schelluch & Reid 1997).With
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Term Paper
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Martha Stewart Livivng Omnimedia (MSO)
Derivatives used by HP as a hedging activity and does not have any relation with speculations. Normally HP categorizes the derivates as fair value, cash flow and other hedges as the main types of hedging. Other hedges mainly include economic hedges. In the consolidated balance sheet, these derivative instruments are carried at their fair values in the heads of “other current assets” and “long-term financing receivables” in the asset side. For liabilities, these derivatives are placed in
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Term Paper
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World Finacial Crisis - Impact in the American Economy
In 2008 excluding the 2nd quarter the GDP growth was negative throughout the year. In the 4th quarter of 2008 the GDP growth was -9% which was the lowest for a quarter in the period of Economic recession. From the 3rd quarter of 2009 the GDP growth was tend to positive and after that the growth was always positive.This statistics shows that in that time period the economy was not productive at all. All the sectors were affected by the credit crunch situation more or less, as a result the total
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Term Paper
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Financial Statement Analysis
Virgin media’s highest recorded gross profit margin ever recorded is 59.78% while that of HMV group is 11. The lowest recorded gross profit margin in Virgin media is 55.08% while that of HMV group is -19. This shows that the two firms are operating at different playing grounds.Operating expenses are costs incurred in the course of running a business. Thus operating expenses margin is the ratio between accumulated operating expenses and the gross income of a company. It is used to show
Pages: 17 (4250 words), Term Paper
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You Are an Entrepreneur
However, despite the encouraging benefits of tourism business in the Tybee Island, there are awfully limited hotels and lodging services in the area. Therefore, the new bed and breakfast business intends to offer a prevalent, quality, and affordable rental facility to foreign and local tourists. On the other hand, the local government also intends to advance tourism business in the area by encouraging entrepreneurs to invest in hotels and development of rental units. Therefore, the projected
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Term Paper
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Company analysis (case study )
The firewall was not able to prevent the attack given the low level of technology that Qdata was still embracing (Axelrod, 2004). Above all, Qdata employees were not willing to help iPremier’s representatives to access the NOC. In addition, this predicted the miscommunication between Ipremier and Qdata was clear in the case given that an employee had to run all the way to the service provider (Fink, 2006).If I were Turley, amidst the crisis I would have engaged several risk management
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Term Paper
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MNC Enters India
The following pictorial representation shows that the level up to which the value of Indian Rupees has increased. From the start of the year 2013, the value of Rupee has fallen and this trend is continuing.On the basis of the above discussion, it can be affirmed that due to much fluctuations or variations especially in the exchange rates, the financial condition of the nation i. of India has been adversely affected resulting in generating financial downturns by a considerable level. It is
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Term Paper
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Types of Retirement plans
Selection of a defined benefit plan entails that the document of the plan indicates the amount that has been committed to the employee once he/she reaches the age of retirement (Beam and McFadden, 1998). Thus, the plan document does not state any particular amount which is expected to be contributed by the worker on a yearly basis to the plan itself. As noted by Beam and McFadden (1998), in the case of a defined benefit plan, the responsibility of establishing annual contribution belongs to the
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Term Paper
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ACCT3343 Term Project
The conditions, under which the shares are released, provide for the protection of the interests of the privileged shareholders when certain corporative developments/events take place.However, various loans and other receivable were unveiled and under short-term loans for cash returnable decreasing from $ 64 to $32.90 through $ 45.90 at interest rates between 8% - 11% hence translating to a total interest rate charged of 173.Recognized tax expenses are based on management’s best estimate of
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Term Paper
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Financial Health report for NY under ACA
Per New York State Community Action Association (NYSCAA) (2013), about 2,845,024 or 15.1% of individuals live in poverty, about 902,006 or 21.2% of Children under the age of 18 live in poverty, about 1,542,776 or 12% of adults who are in the age of 25+ live in poverty and 266,268 or 11.3% of senior citizens who are in the age of 65+ live in poverty. Out of employed people in the NY state, about 14.5% and about 30.9% unemployed people in the NY state have no health insurance policy or
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Term Paper
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The application of Pricing Strategies in the workplace
Other criteria that determine the price of a commodity include its quality and product’s performance in the market(Musonera et al., 1999, p.There have been several pricing strategies from time to time. These price strategies are dynamic and vary from time to time depending on economic environment and other social factors such as culture and religion. This paper will concentrate on price strategies applied in workplaces.A series of questions facilitated the study of pricing strategies. The
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Term Paper
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Role and Purpose of Accounting Information Systems
Then the processing also involves the summarization of the information processed. This is reducing the detail of the data to its main points and then aggregating the data to give full information about the data supplied to the business. This may be the stage of the preparation of the financial statements of the business. Then lastly carrying the analysis of the summarized data and interpreting such information appropriately.The third role is to ensure proper management of data. This involves
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Term Paper
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Employee Stock Ownership Plans (Retirement plans)
Most of the income of an individual spent on the households and other aspects as well.According to most of the authors, early planning for retirement is critical and effective as it typically takes many of the years to accumulate the necessary funds to live comfortably after the retirement. It is essential for the individuals to park their investment at a place from where the likelihood of earning would be on a higher scale in particular. Investing the money in the early life certainly working
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Term Paper
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International Investing Project
They produce far more tech commodities and services than Advantest which gives them leverage and potential good returns.Citi group stock has also outperformed the market estimate of Standard and Poor’s 500. Suitable prevailing interest rates and increasing new business volumes for the banking sector has benefited the Company. Considering its global presence, one can say that its stock performance is dictated in general by other economies too.(a) This is a comparison is between the NYSE Japan
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Term Paper
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Ethics in accounting the consequences of the enron scandal
The United States Federal government passed a number of laws such as Sarbanes-Oxley Act after the Enron scandal with intent to improve corporate governance policies and to prevent such huge corporate failures in future. Today US companies pay specific attention to corporate governance laws and implement improved internal check systems to detect accounting irregularities and other illegal/unethical business practices.Unscrupulous accounting practices by Enron CEO Jaffrey Skilling and other top
Pages: 15 (3750 words), Term Paper
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Accounting Information and Decision Making
During Pacioli’s era, record-keepers made entries to show statements for the enterprise instead of the owner, making annual preparation wanting. After Pacioli, a Dutchman supported the profit and loss books at annual breaks.The degree of societal and technological progress assisted the advancement of contemporary techniques of accounting. The Industrial Revolution brought about the need for sophisticated accounting techniques. The advancement of new techniques saw the separation of ownership
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Term Paper
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GCC central Bank
The report also articulated that the council of governors from the national central banks and the monetary authorities would meet periodically to deliberate on the monetary policies of the GCB (DIFC, 2008).Additionally, the GCB will have a president who will be appointed by the heads of member states among the council of governors from the national central banks of member states (Jadresic, 2008). The President will have the determining vote and is the official spokesperson of the GCB while the
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Term Paper
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To perform an indepth financial analysis of American Eagle outfitters, Inc. and The Gap, Inc
In particular, China takes the largest percentage of the manufacturing plants of most U. based apparel conglomerates. China exported 9.738 million units of apparel to the United States, valued at about U.With its headquarters in Beaverton, Oregon, Nike is the leading clothing company globally. The company employs over 44,000 people and has a revenue base of about U. Other American-based companies such as The Gap, Inc. and American Eagle Outfitters, Inc. have also invested heavily in the apparel
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Term Paper
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