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Biology Research Paper

Influenza Vaccine During Pregnancy
Symptoms of influenza involve fever, myalgia, malaise, headache, fatigue, cough, sore throat, rhinitis etc. Such conditions could be assessed by performing viral culture and testing for the presence of viral antigen. Influenza virus possesses airborne transmission and person to person contact. The virus possesses an incubation period of two days and there is an abrupt onset of these symptoms. Observations reveal that influenza is accompanied by the complications like pneumonia, bronchitis or
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Research Paper
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Biodiversity Conservation
There are several causes of loss of biodiversity ranging from anthropogenic factors, genetic factors, to environmental factors. Anthropogenic factors are purely human-induced causes of biodiversity loss.
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Research Paper
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Pollution in Lake Michigan
To the Delta Institute (1), a significant number of other pollutants coming from the air also present threats to Lake Michigan, making it difficult to control the conservation condition, even if the industrial controls were put under checks. According to the Institute, various air pollutants in form of precipitation and other gaseous particles enter into the Lake in huge volumes that need urgent conservation checks. Some of these airborne pollutants threatening the conservation activities at
Pages: 3 (750 words), Research Paper
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Orthomyxovirus or Influenza
However, the length of genome varies extensively among these three groups of viruses, the difference sometimes occurs even in the same type among the various strains (Jin, and Leser, 99).There have been extensive studies done on replication of influenza viruses mainly on type A strains, thus replication discussed in this section will mainly be linked to this strain. Ito and Gorman points out that the influenza virus is able to infect a cell by binding it’s HA or HEF protein a cell’s protein
Pages: 3 (750 words), Research Paper
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Rabies
A person may get infected if an open injury comes in contact with infected saliva. The virus generally hangs around the area where the bite occurred and then attacks muscles and starts proliferating gradually making way in to the central nervous system. The viral then attacks all vital organs including kidneys and lungs, from the central nervous system (Nordqvist, 2010).The form of a rabies virus is bullet fashioned, curved on one side and compacted on the other side. Virions which are
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Research Paper
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The Effect of Caffeine on Your Body
The purpose of this research paper is also the analysis of the effects of Caffeine on the human body.Different assumptions will require different sample specifications and methodologies. For analyzing the effect of Caffeine on Blood Pressure, we will need to take a sample of 6 fit individuals; 2 adult males, 1male child, 2 adult females and 1 female child. Before the start of the experiment, all 6 individuals’ Blood Pressures will be noted. Then, 1 adult male, 1 adult female and both the
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Research Paper
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American Eels Habitat and Extinction
American eels spawn somewhere in the Sargasso Sea east of the Bahamas and south of Bermuda. Eggs and larvae become entrained in ocean currents and are transported to continents. The Antilles Current and Caribbean Current likely carry larvae toward northern South America, Central America, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean islands. The Antilles Current may also carry larvae toward the Gulf Stream, which transports eels toward North America’s eastern seaboard or on lengthy oceanic voyage
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Research Paper
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Streptococcus Pneumoniae
Some of examples of adhesin include choline binding protein A, and the pneumococcal surface protein A [PspA]. The micro-organism incorporates the genetic material of other micro-organism through a process of transformation. The presence of F-antigen helps in acquiring of genetic material from different sources. Therefore, it means that the organism can change from one serotype to the other. This is quite significant to the development of resistance to antibiotics in the organism. It increases
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Research Paper
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Influenza Vaccine during Pregnancy
Influenza vaccine as other vaccines induces the formation of antibodies against major surface glycoproteins hemaglutinin and neuraminidase. The immune response gains its peak at 2-4 weeks after the first dose, whereas previously unvaccinated children below 9 years were recommended with two doses of vaccine, the priming dose as well as the booster dose. The adverse reaction observed in these individuals involves soreness, fever, malaise and Guillian- Barre Syndrome (GBS) (1/100,000) recipients,
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Research Paper
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Comparison of Communication and Cognitive Abilities of the Bottle-Nosed Dolphin vs. the Chimpanzee
Books, scientific journals and the internet will be consulted throughout the research period.Both nose-bottled dolphins and chimpanzees demonstrate social living skills. The two species live in complex but well organized social units (Herman, 1999). According to Herman, for the social units to operate effectively, young dolphin and chimpanzees undergo thorough training about the rules of the society and this learning is passed down to future generations. During this training, the newborns learn
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Research Paper
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Very Simple Research/information gathering Assignment on plant biology
The total dissolved inorganic nitrogen (TDIN) was removed up to 98. The removal of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) was comparatively less and amounted to 23-69%. The total dissolved inorganic phosphorus (TDIP) was reduced by 36–89%. The correlation between TDIN daily load and TDIN removal from S. europaea is illustrated in Fig. europaea halophyte can thus be used as an efficient and cost effective way to treat saline wastewater for nitrogen and phosphorus contents in marine aquaculture (Webb
Pages: 3 (750 words), Research Paper
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Identification of unknown Bacteria
Neutral red acts as a pH indicator. Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria is known to be lactose fermenters hence unknown A while Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria is not lactose fermentor thus unknown B. The orinithine decarboxylase test is important for Enterobacteriaceae differentiation.MR-VP broth for Methyl Red test consists of peptone, phosphate buffer and glucose. The unknown bacterium that is able to perform mixed-acid fermentation generates enough acid that overcame the broth buffering
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Research Paper
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Flu Vaccination- Benefits and Contra-indications
The reason for this is that in these people, the immunity system is fairly weak and this disease can cause severe complications.Flu vaccine is beneficial to every individual on several grounds. On a larger scale it also ensures a healthy environment that resists the spread of such diseases. Evidently, it protects one from the attack of this disease or decreases the extent of its impact on a body. More common during the change of weather and through winters, it enables people to be protected
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Research Paper
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Snake Venom Protein Paralyzes Cancer Cells
Zinc is vital for anti-cholinesterase action; calcium is needed for activation of enzymes such as phospholipase. A number of snake venoms also comprise of carbohydrate, biogenic amines, lipid plus free amino acids (Finn, 2001). Venoms comprise of at least 25 enzymes, but no venom comprises of all these enzymes. Enzymes are basically protein in nature, but very few of them are reliant on particular non-protein prosthetic cofactors or groups. These elements in summary are Arginine ester
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Research Paper
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Dauphin Island
Only 27 years following Columbus introduction of present day America to the western world, a Spanish explorer named Admiral Alvarez de Pineda sailed into the Mobile bay waters becoming the first European to make such a voyage. This was in 1519, and it took another 20years for another European to visit this region.The period marking 1540 and 1541 saw a well known marauder and explorer De soto came close to the Mobile River, but it is still unclear as to whether he actually went as far as
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Research Paper
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Biology concept redesign (please no paste)
Testing involving pre- and post-instruction showed a substantial increase in students’ perception of natural selection after these learning successions were completed. Continuous testing through the unit proved a continual rise in student understanding. Assessments showed students relished the activities (Roselli, 2011). Nevertheless, the method does not incorporate hands-on involvement of the students in activities such as group discussions. It also does not encompass modeling which can
Pages: 3 (750 words), Research Paper
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Can The Mediterranean Diet Reduce Heart Disease
Unlike the previous studies, no intervention was performed in order to obtain significant results. Instead, they have collected the dietary patterns of the subjects in the study based on the modified Mediterranean diet score, then compared them to their existing health conditions. Consistent with the previous study among older subjects, those whose health habits are closely related to Mediterranean diet have lower risks of suffering from heart-related diseases. Metabolic syndrome, which is
Pages: 2 (500 words), Research Paper
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Family characteristics of Order sphenisciformes-penguins
The authors establishes and inherent synonymy in phylogenetic origin between Diomedeoides and Rupelornis. Therefore, the article remained indispensable in revealing phylogenetic connection amongst different species of birds and reflective of penguins’ evolutionary trends. "Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores And Other Novelties - A Critical Review Of The Higher-Level Phylogeny Of Neornithine Birds." Journal Of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 49.1 (2011): 58-76. Academic Search
Pages: 2 (500 words), Research Paper
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Classifications Of Drug Actions
As they come down from their cocaine high, certain users encounter temporary unpleasant reactions and aftereffects, which may include agitation, anxiety, irritability, restlessness, and insomnia (Streufert, 2013). During this "rebound" period, confusion, hyperarousal, suspiciousness, and other components of paranoid thinking may also appear (Streufert, 1993).Under the best possible natural circumstances, people report that cocaine elevates their capacity to focus, increments sexual energy,
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Research Paper
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Pathogenesis and Epidemiology of Plasmodium Falciparum
The erythrocyte schizogony leads to the destruction of red blood cells which is the major reason for the development of typical malarial symptoms such as chills, recurrent fever and severe pain in joints. Once, Plasmodium falciparum enters the red blood cells, it starts to feed on host haemoglobin and consumes more than 80% of it during the process of erythrocyte schizogony. 
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Research Paper
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