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Sociology Literature review

Focused Interaction in Behavior in Public Places (1963)
Goffman explains how people use their territories while behaving in public spaces and places. The term territory denotes the places and spaces or objects possessed or occupied by a group of persons or individuals. According to Goffman these territories are delineated by markers referred as central markers, boundary markers and ear markers.Violations of the territories are also discussed. These violations are in the form of behavior which individual persons try to avoid. The violations are
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Literature review
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Youth Offending
According to the Youth Justice Board (YJB), which reported that 1,822 young offenders were in custody in the 2010/2011 period, it is this profiling of minority youths that has subtly justified the over-representation of youths from minority ethnic groups and races in the criminal justice systems (BBC, 2011). Out of this population, minority ethnic youths constituted 39%, a 6% increase over the 2009/2010 period. However, the general figures of youth offenders dropped from 1977 of the 2009/2010
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Literature review on the effects of social networking sites on young adults aged between 18-25
The study explained that students and young professionals intend to use social networking websites to interact with offline peers (Greenfield 2008). Whereas, young school and college girls tend to consolidate their relationships with their existing friends and boys seem more interested in making new friends or flirting with girls. This study also reports that 48% young adults think that online social networking has helped them maintain and improve their romantic relationships (Greenfield 2008).
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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Homelessness people with substance abuse in Haringey
Stahler and Cohen (2000) conducted a study on female homeless as well as runaway adolescents. The research involving 350 participants indicated that 65% used marijuana, 23 % used amphetamines while 20 % used hallucinogenis (Home Office 2002, p.Alcoholism has been identified as being the most prevalent substance associated with homelessness. More than 40 percent of the homelessness reported cases in relation to substance use are mostly associated with alcoholism and a number of studies indicate
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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How motivated are female students, towards academic success, and career attainments? The effects of gender inequality amongst female students.
Generally, male students receive more attention and appreciation for their aggressiveness as compared to ladies even today (EOC, 2001b, p. In 1972, amendments were done on the Title IX education policy in order to do away with inequality in the education system and ensure that both males and females receive the same and best treatment when it comes to education. However, in the contemporary world, this is not the case as the boy child is favoured compared to the female student.This shows that
Pages: 16 (4000 words), Literature review
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Explain, discuss and evaluate the importance of the national culture in Fanons analysis. Do you think it is consistent with his overall theory of decolonization? Give historical and contemporary examples
Fanon argues that colonialism is a threat to national culture, because colonial influence tends to over-simplify the very core cultural values of national identity.Apart from cultivating individual dignity, Johnson (2013) argues that Fanon’s concepts of national culture also support dynamism. It tears away acts defence for traditional values among members of a society which only serve to confine members of the society to trivial wars at the expense of bigger national interest. It also defeats
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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Street Homelessness Literature Review
That the ongoing challenges faced by the British economy will only increase the numbers of rough-sleepers; however, these researches do not make distinctions between the youthful and adult rough-sleepers.According to St. Mungo’s report, which was documented by Department for Communities and Local Government (2011), nearly half of Britain’s rough sleepers have alcohol and drug dependency problems. In addition, most rough sleepers usually have physical or mental disabilities which could stop
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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British Muslim youths perspective on islamaphobia in Britain
It does not only stop at the 9-11 attack. There have been other countless attacks on the Britons by the Muslims in which many lives were lost (Sheeshi, 2011, 48).The relation that exists between the Muslims and Britons has not made it easy for the Muslims. It does not only stop with the adults, but the children also get to suffer the discrimination just because they are Muslims. Business owners, students and any other Muslim going about their daily life is a target of Islamophobia.For a start,
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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Article Review: Toomey, A. (2009) Empowerment and disempowerment in community development practice: eight roles practitioners play, in Community Development Journal, 181-195 December 2009
However, rescuers disempower their subjects by providing rescue to those that do need to be rescued which renders the rescued people disempowered as they would not be able to take care of their needs. As a provider, the agents help the less fortunate Individuals and communities by providing them charity whose impacts are mostly measured by tangible outcomes such as development of churches, schools and education of their beneficiaries. This can lead to disempowerment where the provider does
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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Critique of the journal 'mobs and monsters : independent man meets Paulsgrove woman' page 103-111
This acts as a psychological way of doing things in which the mob is influenced by their emotions to think and act in a certain way. In these protests, the suggestions, and the push made by the press acted as the reinforcement that made the demonstrators to be more aggressive. Lack of engagement in some form of aggression is usually treated as lack of rationality.Despite the view that feminity is gaining roots, some of its aspects are wrong. According to Walkerdine’s arguments, the women that
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Literature review
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Critique of the journal: Mobs and monsters independent man meets Paulsgrove woman
Such kind of perception came from highly respected media houses such as the Guardian, which is deemed tolerant and is believed to offer justice and equality (Hansen-Miller 2011, pp. He highlights the fact that Katrina Kessell who was amongst the organizers of the protest is regarded as wrong-headed and self-deluding yet they were fighting for justice. However, he admits that editors or journalists can condemn what triggered the Paulsgrove protesters.There is a notion that is nevertheless
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Literature review
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Professor Micheal Levi
Demonstrates that there is growing collaboration between offenders who are acting through “organized crime” growing their business and criminal activities through global network. The author provides examination of these contingent relationships of offenders that work through a setting forming organized structures that identify means which increase opportunities of crimes. According to the author, criminals form these organized frameworks take part in criminal activities finding their
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Literature review
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The causes of rising income inequality in modern Chinese society - A sociological study to investigate reasons behind growing income inequality in contemporary China
The urban inhabitants of China are significantly more affluent as compared to the rural inhabitants and have obtained the majority of the ten percent yearly GDP increase. A significant factor in why this raise in capital has been limited to the urban parts are constraints on rural-urban resettlement, together with financial backing as well as assured public sector jobs for individuals residing in urban parts. This has indicates that only the urban inhabitants have been capable of directly
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Reseaching the London quest funding sustainability
The organization gets such people into doing positive activities by probably taking them outside London. Generally, it seems that Hackney Quest has a background of positive activities for the young people. This happens by taking young individuals from various backgrounds and bringing them together to generate a great team that does exciting as well as interesting activities (Bella, 2014). While this is the case, funding the organization is important because it has various projects that have to
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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Child Trafficking in the UK: Critically Assess the Effectiveness of Contemporary Approaches
It is solely considered that UK is the destination country for trafficking. National Referral mechanism also stated that UK can be regarded as the transit and source country.In UK, child trafficking is due to many reasons such as domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, benefit fraud, cannabis cultivation and forced in to application of criminal activities. According to England commissioner for children the estimation number of children that are being exploited is 10,000.
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Literature review
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What do you understand by the term ethnocentrism? Using one or more examples, show how anthropology might help us overcome it?
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, anthropologists argued that human science could supersede ethnocentrism. Franz Boas and Bronislaw Malinowski, who are both anthropologists convinced people to carry on a systematic research whereby researchers were argued to explore other people’s culture to learn them better. This was later to be presented in writing for further references. This led to the study of human beings and their societies in the past and the present, a study referred
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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What are the causes of homelessness in London and is regeneration solving the problem.
This is after the mayor had pledged that his first major duty in the office was to tackle the problem of homelessness, which is affecting thousands of London residents. Despite all these pledges, the problem of homelessness has persisted. In fact, the numbers of people who have nowhere to call home have grown significantly since Mayor Boris Johnson assumed office in 2008. A survey conducted by homeless data Chain showed that the majority of homeless people in the streets of London had
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Literature review
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The review of "Manifesto of the Communist Party"
The said manifesto remained committed to the idea of a communist revolution but that it can be achieved by any other means including a peaceful revolution through a parliamentary path. Their political strategy as discussed in their work admit to a flexible and variable approach. It further saw that revolutions can be successful in countries with more advanced capitalist and democratic governments by using the right of universal suffrage to gain political control. In their outlined plan, a
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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Depression in men (BME) Black minority ethinic groups
Existing research also shows a strong connection between the influence of gender, deprivation and ethnicity in managing depression.There are several issues of concern for this group of the population, especially given that the wider population of older men including older men in BME communities has been neglected from the mainstream policies and government health strategies. Consequently, older men in BME groups are often underserved when it comes to accessing mental health help. This problem
Pages: 16 (4000 words), Literature review
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How does the hidden curriculum during schooling(mainly secondary schools) affect the educational achievement of working class young people from black Caribbean and African ethnic groups in the UK?
Agreeing to this explanation, Gordon, Bridglall and Meroe (2005) contribute that through its operation, schools have inadvertently been teaching the realities of nationality for black people and many are made aware of the inferior nature of the rights their communities are accorded. According to Provenzo (2006), hidden curriculum found its way into the schooling system basing on the teaching structure towards the end of the 19th century as a response to the rural to urban cultural shift. As
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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