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Psychology Literature review

How effective is cognitive behaviour therapy compare to other psychological therapies and pharmacological options in treatment of postnatal depression
Many women report losing “their own self” (Horowitz & Goodman 2004). Very often, the symptoms of PPD can be confused with other disorders, which make it difficult to diagnose and address the mood disorder in timely fashion. Basically, “the essential feature of the major depressive episode is a 2-week or longer period during which a woman has either depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in activities that is a change from previous functioning” (Horowitz & Goodman 2004, p. This
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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What is the evidence for the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural therapy for treatment of alcohol addiction in clinical practice
This study used a sample of 82 depressor and alcohol abusers. The study participants was randomized and placed under control for 12 weeks trial with a combination of sertraline combined with individual CBT. The program focused on both alcoholism and relapse prevention. Depression and alcohol outcomes were all measured during the study and over twelve weeks sertraline was tolerated by the alcohol patients and depressions was reduced as well as the rate of alcohol consumptions (Moak, 2005).Jon
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Literature review
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(no title but For this assessment you are required to write 1000 word critical evaluation of three journal articles from a single topic area)
Masculinities in the domain of social psychology through the “process of contextualized analysis of identity and subjectivity” (Dryden, Doherty & Nicolson, 2010, p. The second aim was also clear. The researchers wanted to introduce into their studies a case study of interview data associated executed with two teen age brothers sharing their experiences about the domestic violence (Dryden, Doherty & Nicolson, 2010, p. This was targeted to explore the utility of the approach in research
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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The psychological investigation on Chinese students cross-culture adjustment when studying in the UK
This addresses the importance of cross-culture adjustment in overseas students’ studying and living abroad. Students who adjust to the culture of the host country are likely to feel more at home and the culture of the host country becomes part of his life. Though the process of adapting to the new culture is challenging, it has a lot of positives. The international student who undergoes the challenge will have the benefit of achieving personal growth that will meant they will be able to
Pages: 20 (5000 words), Literature review
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Adult Crying: culture, personality and gender (Arabs, European, Persian)
The following factors, personality, gender, and culture, are the most influential when it comes to crying as an adults. This can be seen in say several cultures that do not believe that a man should shed tears in public but this opinion is not applicable to the women. Boys in such cultures are brought about under the notion and the stereotypical belief that it is not right to shed a tear because when they become men they are figures to be viewed as strong and crying will be seen as a sign of
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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Health Effects of Cannabis on the Human Mind and Body
Has been able to demonstrably prove that cigarettes are harmful for a number of reasons to the average smoker, it is reasonable to assume that almost each and every one of these reasons can be transferred to medical marijuana and compounded. However, due to the fact that marijuana is still illegal in almost each and every state, not to mention at the federal level, it is not surprising that few pharmacologists have sought to provide this controlled substance to their patients.Naturally, if the
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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How does Perfectionism effect the therapeutic relationship in counselling?
According to Judith Green, therapeutic counselling is the working alliance formed between you, the counsellor, and your client. This working alliance relates not only to the real physical space that the counselling takes place in, it is also framed by the temporal space which reflects the exact hour or period during which therapy occurs and the exchange of information between counsellor and client. The success of this working alliance relies on the patient being honest and truthful (Ashby,
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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The introdiction section of dissertation (report): Cue Transparency as an aid to mental switch set switching (about Flanker task) (Literature review the paper from George Houghton)
Furthermore, researchers have used this piece of information to their advantage and conducted various studies based on the process of selection in order to understand the realm of visual attention in a better light. These studies have basically concentrated on “varying the quantity and nature” of distracting information, thus increasing or decreasing the ease of selection process applied by the brain of an individual (Huang & Pashler 2007, p. One such study is the Flanker Task, which aims
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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Stress and it's relationship to human health
In general, good examples of external stressor include becoming exposed to negative events like divorce or break-ups, war, natural calamity, work-related pressure, and terrorism among others (Contrada & Baum, 2011: 2). Climate change such as excessive cold and heat are also a good example of external stressor that can cause illnesses and untimely deaths on humans (Hajat et al., 2014; Moini, 2012: 183). Living in an urban city can also be considered as an external stressor since a lot of people
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Literature review
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Directed Review: Baskin-Sommers, A.R., Wolf, R.C., Buckholtz, J.W., Warren, C.M. & Newman, J.P. (2012). Exaggerated Attention Blink Response in Prisoners with Externalizing Traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 688-693.
Executive functioning is a set of interrelated skills and behavioural competencies that are necessary for performing independent goal directed activities and purposeful. The executive functioning activities include cognitive behaviours, attention control, information processing abilities and goal setting abilities (Corbett, n.Accordingly, another behavioural trait identified by the authors to be an outcome of the externalising behaviour is termed as Attentional Blink (AB). AB is a paradigm that
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Literature review
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Critically access the value of qualitative research on effectiveness of psychoanalysis counselling for anxiety disorder.
Contextually, the role of psychological intervention came into prevalence. Psychoanalysis is an important part of psychological interventions for the patients dealing with anxiety or other mental disorder (Mollon, 2008). Based on the study of Loewenthal & Samuels (2014), psychoanalysis counseling for patients with anxiety, works in the form of conducting behavioral and psychological analysis of the patients. Likewise, effective intervention plan can be formulated in alignment with the severity
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Comparing Parental attitudes towards children's sleep in united kingdom and Iran
These differences will be responsible for the differences between the children sleep patterns. Despite these expectations, the issue of education will also be important. Apparently, the level of education of the parents is expected to have an impact on the parental attitudes towards children sleep.This paper will provide a detailed and critical report of the study. The paper is organized into different sections. The first section is the introduction, which introduces the topic, purpose, and
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Attitudes toward sex education on children
According to Sieswerda & Blekkenhorst (2003), sex education should not be limited to conversation between child and parent but it also involves analysis of behaviour and interaction between them as well as other adult members. Many young people want their parents to be the source of information regarding sexual health issues but according to Sieswerda & Blekkenhorst (2003), parents are reserved towards any kind of discussion related to sex education at a younger age. It is also observed that
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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Effectiveness of insurance fraud interventions
By Automobile Insurance Bureau (AIB), Massachusetts comprising of 1399 personal injury protection claims for automobiles hence there was no use of control groups. Guillen et al. uses the PRIDIT-FRE (PRIDIT-based Fraud Rate Estimation) method to assess suspicion in the insurance claims presented without use of a control group. The PIDIT-FRE method uses the same underlying mathematical algorithm used in the RIDIT approach but its main purpose is fraud estimation. The study uses two separate data
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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Evaluation Report and Feedback Letter
Prior research has demonstrated the effectiveness of pyramid clubs as group-based socio-emotional intervention programs that are effectively implemented in schools in order to heighten their emotional and social wellbeing (Ohl et al, 2012). As such, pyramid clubs are an influential model of experiential learning that seeks to nurture resilience in a vulnerable child, nourish social and emotional wellbeing as well as enhance emotional and social competencies.In the University of West London
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Investigative psychology framework to insurance fraud
Fraud with a purpose to fill the gap in this industry by providing a comprehensive offender profiling.6 It is based on the analysis of 33 189 fraudulent claims identified by conversation management investigative tool. The authors aim at testing Routine Activity Theory in the domain of insurance fraud. This theory establishes connections between daily life of the offender and features of crime. Authors refer to Canter in their study to show that they attempt to go further than typical criminal
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Literature review
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Contemporary offender profiling
Blending both psychology and geography results in a novel offender profile. Some techniques like multidimensional scaling technique in profiling relies on plotting points in two or one dimension to display the organization of a given set of data (Goodwill, Stephens, & Oziel, 2013, p. This is possible since MDS enables identification/analysis of persons who develop an idiographic routine that at is inconsistent with the profiles of the aggregate (Street, Sheeran, & Orbell, 2001, p. Furthermore,
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Literature Review for Proposed Research Topic: The influence of gender role conformity on male/female body image satisfaction
The literature about the image of the body in men remains limited, the authors of this research have tried to show how societal and media pressures are currently influencing male’s body image satisfaction. The finding in their article suggests that modern men show substantial body dissatisfaction. This dissatisfaction is nearly associated with gender roles, depression, eating disorders, and low esteem. The findings also emphasise the notion that contemporary men are laboring under the
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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What evidence is there to support the assumption that parental separation or divorce has a negative impact upon child and adolescent development?
According to Martin and Fabes (2008) children and adolescents whose parents have separated are at a high risk of suffering from emotional distress due to: poor economic status throughout their life; anti-social behaviours which only send them away from their peers, and in adverse scenario in jail; poor performance in academics, considering that the distress could hamper regular attendance of or concentration in school; poor access to health care services; leaving home while still too young to
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Literature review
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Psychotherapeutic needs of parents/carers of children on the autism spectrum
Of children with special needs on the family, it is evident that parents of children requiring special attention are more depressed compared to parents with normal children. In most cases, mothers of autistic children suffering from autism are at higher risk of becoming depressed due to the pressures of handling a child with special needs. In a study that associated parental stress with ASD’s, it was found that the parents who had high levels of stress had recently sought ought special
Pages: 16 (4000 words), Literature review
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