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Health Sciences & Medicine Literature review

Critically discuss how advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) have affected the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disorder
This gene encodes a protein that is crucial for the fusion of glycosylphosphatidylinositol or GPI, a lipid moiety that is implanted in the plasma membrane, where it functions to attach an extensive strain of proteins to the cell surface (Hillmen et al 2004). Likewise, Risitano et al (2011) depicted Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria or PNH as a hematological disorder characterized by complement mediated hemolytic anemia, thrombophilia and bone marrow failure. This occurs when
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Literature review
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Neck pain and disability scale (NPAD)
Branford, Evans and Nelson (2001, p. 788) assert that it is through involuntary contraction of cervical muscles that neck pain is experienced. However, it is important to note that when muscles are involved in the causation of neck pain the condition is usually referred to as myofascial pain syndrome. Chronic neck pain is described as a neck pain that is experienced for a period of more than three months and may lead to disability. Gatchel, Mayer and Theodore (2006, p. 72)points out that
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE: A REVIEW TO EXPLORE FACTORS THAT SHAPE WOMEN'S EXPERIENCES OF PARTICIPATING IN INTERVENTION PROGRAMMES AND EVALUATING INTERVENTIONS
The outcomes of the two approaches would therefore present the relationship with certain issues that may complicate the entire ease with which women choose interventions approaches to violence in their romantic relationships. As an illustration to the complication that the pursuing of the perpetrators could bring to the relationship, many cases of violence go unreported as women fear that the outcomes of reporting would be unpleasant as opposed to handling the problem silently.In view of the
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Literature review
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A systematic review to access the effect of low cost educational interventions for reducing the spread of hepatitis
Patients with jaundice or any other symptoms of hepatitis or people in high risk groups are at risk of hepatitis. Hepatitis can be prevented by evading contact to the infectious hepatitis viruses (Van Beek & et.Educational interventions are mainly concerned with the communication of information for various reasons such as raising awareness, improvement of knowledge and change in behavior. The educational intervention that aims at alteration of the behaviour is referred as behavioural
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Literature review
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In the frame of current ACLS best practice and ILOR guidelines; ''Review the evidence supporting carebral resuscitation''
This paper shall now discuss CCR and the contrasting views related to its application. It shall discuss the argument that CCR is superior to CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) in terms of survival rates and neurological outcomes. Supporting evidence on both sides of the issue shall be presented, along with more specific data which can be utilized to either support or disprove the general application of this intervention.I believe that CCR is an effective method of resuscitation as it can
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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The Effect of Milling on the Triboelectrification Properties of Flurbiprofen Salts
Milling causes triboelectrification of particles as the particles frequently make contact with each other and with the walls of the milling equipment, causing triboelectrification. Tribo-electrification refers to a process whereby two materials come into contact with one and are subsequently charged. Pharmaceutical powders are often smaller in particle size (less than 100 µm) and irregularly shaped with a low bulk density. They are prone to electrostatic charging because they normally have a
Pages: 16 (4000 words), Literature review
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Relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease
The study focused on a review of the literature and an analysis of past researches on the relationship of diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal diseases.Literature reviews provide knowledge of the important variables of the research subject. An effective literature review enables the researcher to unify past and present studies and bring to fruition a new knowledge. An excellent literature review provides a critical and analytical study of the data collected from the different sources. The
Pages: 20 (5000 words), Literature review
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Immunology and autoimmunity disease
Most of the time, the body has the remarkable ability to remove abnormal cells, including malignant ones and to protect the body from infectious agents and damage caused by hazardous substances (Roitt, 1948).A further function of the immune system is to promote the normal functioning of the body, such as in wound repair. However, malfunctions of the immune system may lead to an abnormal response to the body’s tissue, causing problems such as autoimmune disease hypersensitivities or immune
Pages: 19 (4750 words), Literature review
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Have proteomic approaches advanced the field of cancer Biomarker researches
Allow for splitting of the various mRNAs and expressing how the genes and soft genes of regulation are in contrast with genomes, it is more dynamic than the genome and consists of other forms of gene expression involving. Proteomic technologies are adoptive in quite accurate expressions resulted to by a disease activity. The advantage of proteomic technology is borne in the fact that the protein itself is the highest point of expression of these protein activities.Development of biomarkers
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Critical review of (Age-Related Decline in Circadian Output)
Aspects pose as challenges to the method of using rodents to sufficiently fulfil the human sleeping patterns with health (p23 human sleep and cognition basic research.The animals were put in different housing and put under locomotive activity of a running wheel each one individually. The mice were placed under anesthesia in a second experiment and put on stereotaxic instrument then electrodes were used on the brains to test the SCN and aligned to the skull in a surgical process. The loco motor
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Literature review
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Working title of literature review: Reviewing the impact of HIV positive diagnosis on women in South Africa
Global health leaders targeted to reduce by 90% HIV infection to children, reduce women infection by 50%, increase the family planning support for healthcare, reduce death incidence caused by HIV disease, and increased provision of antiretroviral medication of pregnant and lactating women to sustain life (WHO et al., 2010, p. ) This is presented in a figure depicted in a Table below.Studies further bared that the major countries that needs full medical and healthcare attention are in the
Pages: 30 (7500 words), Literature review
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Effect of fish oil supplement in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes
The explanation which is given by Rudkowska concerning the association between fish consumption and the protection from cardiovascular disease is that there was a lot of consumption of the heart friendly omega 3 fatty acids, which protected the population from this disease. From this time onwards, it is stated that the tests which were carried out on fish consumption proved that it, in fact, helped to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease through the intake of the omega 3 fatty acids. While
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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A Survey of Saudi Pediatric Physiotherapists Clinical Reasoning and ICF ( international classification functioning disability and health) Knowledge and Competence
As well as reasoning knowledge would be pointed out to emanate from the capacity to reason and apply skills developed through competence in the clinical field. In the acquisition of knowledge, complex processes of cognitive capacity coupled with the ability to apply higher reason in decision-making are involved. Moreover, the capacity of one to perform clinical practices with ease and effectively as defines competence contributes to gaining knowledge and can also be said to emanate from
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Literature review
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Importance of nutrition on burn injured patients in hospitals
It takes around 2-3 weeks to heal where as the burn extends to papillary dermis and the reticular dermis. Second degree burn also has an extreme pain with pressure effect causing discomfort. Burns of these degrees cause scarring and skin grafting. Healing is possible and the duration for healing is around 3-8 weeks.Third degree and fourth degree burns cause the most problems for the patients. During the third degree burn, the burn extend through the entire dermis layer and turns the skin to
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Literature review
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Raising awareness to reduce teenage pregnancy in health promotion
Applicable to this study, a significant part of the “inclusion criteria” include all academic books and peer-reviewed journals that have been published between the years 2009 to 2014. Within the specified publication date, the topic of the peer-reviewed journals should pertain to the socio-economic and health consequences of teenage pregnancy, external factors that can trigger the high rates of teenage pregnancy, the common strategies used in reducing teenage pregnancy, the importance of
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Literature review
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Aspects of mental health promotion (part 1 and 2)
Disorder among others can increase the risks for untimely deaths caused by accidents on top of having higher risks for more physical illnesses (Nick, 2009, p. For these reasons, mental health problems are considered as one of the most serious and most important topic in public health (Katz and Pandya, 2013, p.In UK, the Mental Health Foundation (2014) reported that 1 in 4 people tend to experience mental health problem each year. Specifically the prevalence rate of depression in UK is 1 in 5
Pages: 18 (4500 words), Literature review
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The assignment should consist of one review article on the latest developments on the pathophysiology of a named disease. (Drug treatments for Alzherimers Disease)
Familial Parkinsonism which is detected when patients show symptoms such as rigidity, tremor and slowness in movement has been shown to be caused by mutation in six genes which include SNCA, ATP13A2, PINK1, DJ1, PRKN and LRRK2 (Bekris, Mata & Zabetian, 2010). Other factors, which have been seen as predisposing factors or leading to the disease, include variation in the MAPT, SNCA, and LRRK2. Putting the individual at a vulnerable position makes them to show the symptoms identified above and the
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Literature review
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Critically discuss the use of low glycaemic index diets in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
Despite of the research conducted, there is no any recommended way for optimal diabetes dietary strategy. According to Thomas & Elliott (2009), the improvement in glycemic control that can be achieved through dietary interventions is fundamental in decreasing the diabetic complications, improving life among the affected, minimizing the expenses associated with diabetic medications, as well as increasing their life expectancy. There are different carbohydrates each with different effects on the
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Literature review
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Seeds milk rather than cow's milk
Higher degree of non-fermented milk consumption eventually leads to high blood pressure, high insulin resistance and lower high density level of lipoprotein cholesterol. The negative impact of cow’s milk is observed in the form of reduced ability of children to absorb iron. Subtle blood loss is also common in infants consuming cow’s milk. Coronary Heart Disease is another adverse impact caused by milk consumption. Cancer risk is prominent with consumption of cow’s milk. IGF-1 is present
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Literature review
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Apoe Screening Test
Diabetes mellitus relates to old age and is the most typical. Diabetes relates somehow to apolipoproteins. In recent studies, a relationship has been noted between diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease.
Pages: 8 (1750 words), Literature review
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