Battery swap stations enable the electric vehicles to exchange the worn-out batteries with fully charged batteries in a computerized process. Battery swapping is quick and very convenient if battery swap stations are available in the driving area. Car manufacturers will receive credits depending on the sale of zero emission vehicles. Companies that do not meet the target credit requirements can purchase them but a certain percentage of those credits must be earned from selling ZEVs and not hybrids. The owner of the vehicle benefits because costs of transferring and maintaining the batteries are exclusively with the battery swapping station Electric vehicles usually need recharge after covering 200 – 300 miles. Electric vehicles are advantageous when contrasted with vehicles that have internal combustion engines owing to the fact that they do not emit pollutants, they are more efficient in terms of energy consumption and they function to cut down on fossil fuel dependence. Their battery packs are, however, considerably expensive pricy and are quite heavy. Electric vehicles are more efficient than fuel cell vehicles.The Zero Emission Vehicle program was enacted by the California Air Resources Board to encourage the use of zero emission vehicles within the state. The key objective was to cut down the air pollution levels along with the emission of greenhouse gases within metropolitan regions like Los Angeles, Sacramento and San Francisco in which the pollution ascribed to automobiles was quite rampant. Another aim was to reduce reliance on costly and diminishing fossil fuels provisions. In order to meet the requirements and guidelines by the health board, several guidelines were put in place by CARB to regulate use of zero emission vehicles. CARB has managed to contain the control air pollutants emissions along with the emission of greenhouse gasses and into an organized package that carries out and out guidelines. The revolutionary approach similarly constitutes efforts made to support and further accelerate the plug-in hybrid numbers as well as zero-emission vehicles within California. CARB is mandated with the certification of new passenger cars, light-duty trucks as well as medium-duty passenger automobiles like ZEVs in the event that the automobiles are ascribed to zero exhaust emissions attached to any criteria within all the feasible operating variations and conditions. Automobile manufacturers must produce and deliver vehicles with a minimum
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