Several factors place a nation like the United States at an advantaged position over a state like Afghanistan. Firstly, it was not a necessity for individuals to belong to specific national, ethnic, linguistic, or religious background for them to be Americans, what matters is for individuals to uphold a political ideology that promotes liberty, equality, opportunity, as well as mobility which made it possible for anyone with the desired to be an American to do so (Smith 8). This is different from the perception held in states such as Afghanistan where citizens are from different nationals and insist on safeguarding and propagating their values as being superior to those of other groups in state. While nations such as the United States insist on formation of a single entity that transcend differences in origin, there are states that distinguish members based on different culture and language. Such distinctions always lead to conflicts especially when one group tries to impose its culture, religion among other distinguishing characteristics on another group (Shelley x).Justifications used in demarcations of several units such as states within the United States also place the nation at an advantageous position. The United States consists of regions that were demarcated based on allocation of resources and to ease governance of the people but states that are based on different nationals have to include regions that are characterized by existence of a majority of people from a specific group. Such regional demarcations lead to conflicts as people from specific ethnic, religious or other cultural characteristics might feel they are being segregated in overall state affairs such as representation in national politics or in sharing of economic output of the state. Such situations might result in regions of a state seceding to form new entities that they feel will better accommodate their interests. Therefore the nations such as the United States have established distinct identity that is consistent with the values expressed in the Constitution as well as and the nation’s laws which forms the basis of unity which is not the case for states with multiple nationals (Caramani 254).Finally, history plays an essential in molding the behavior and capacity of nations and states, as it provides learning experiences from which specific states and nations draw a way forward.
Caramani, Daniele, ed. Comparative politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print.
Shelley, Fred M. Nation Shapes: The Story Behind the Worlds Borders. Santa Barbara. California: ABC-CLIO, 2013. Print.
Smith, Gary Scott. American Citizenship in the Revolutionary and Early National Eras. Vision and values, 2013. 343-361. Print.
White, George W. Nation, State, and Territory: Volume 1: Origins, Evolutions, and Relationships. Vol. 1. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.
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