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Women in the military: Past,Present and Future( US military) Essay Example

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Women in the military: Past,Present and Future( US military)

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During the American Revolution, women served as nurses, cooks, laundresses and unobtrusively, as saboteurs (Women’s Memorial “Education”). And again, during the Civil War, they rendered nursing care to the wounded. For some women who wanted to join the combat, they resorted to disguising themselves as men (Women’s Memorial “Education”). The traditional role as nurses and caretakers was still the dominant role that many women played in the wars that followed American history (Mexican War, Spanish-American War). Their role as nurse was later institutionalized with the establishment of the Army Nurse Corps and the Navy Nurse Corps just before the First World War was declared. During the First World War, women’s roles expanded to being telephone operators, stenographers, and nurses in the battlefield (Women’s Memorial “Education”). As battlefield nurses, they were now closer to the conflict and as such, they too suffered the ravages, the injuries, and the deadly effects of war. In the years that followed the First World War, women were given more recognition in terms of military rank; and they were later granted higher ranks from second lieutenant to major (Women’s Memorial “Education”). During the Second World War, most of the women in the military were still nurses; serving stateside and also overseas. They also suffered war atrocities as many of them were captured as prisoners of war (POWs). Many women were also trained as civil service pilots “flying stateside missions as ferries, test pilots and anti-aircraft artillery trainers (Women’s Memorial “Education”). For the navy, they filled various roles in communications, intelligence, supply, and administration. In the marines, they served as clerks, cooks, mechanics, and drivers (Women’s Memorial “Education”). In 1948, their role in the military found more legal support with the establishment of the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act (Women’s Memorial “Education”). In the years that followed the Second World War, the role of the women in the military was still very much in the medical or nursing aspect. Only in the 1960s was a woman promoted to Sergeant major in the marines; and she was the first woman to serve under hostile fire (Women’s Memorial “Education”). The Vietnam War also saw women serving in combat. The trend of women serving in the

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Works Cited

Carreiras, H. “Women in the Military and in Armed Conflict”. 2008. Netherlands: VS Verlag

Publishers

Fenner, L. & De Young, M. “Women in combat: civic duty or military liability?”. 2001.

Washington: Georgetown University.

“Generations of Women: Moving History Forward US Army. Features. (n.d) United States

Army. 12 March 2010 from http://www.army.mil/women/

“Highlights in the History of Military Women”. Education. (n.d) Women’s Memorial. 12 March

2010 from http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/timeline.html

Katz, A. “The Future of Women Serving in Combat Being Debated” News. 24 February 2010.

Voice of America. 12 March 2010 from http://www.militaryconnections.com/news_story.cfm?textnewsid=1525

Lippa, R. “Gender, nature, and nurture”. 2005. New York: Routledge

Willens, J. “Women in the Military: Combat Roles Considered”. Issue. 7 August 1996. Center

for Defense Information. 12 March 2010 from http://www.cdi.org/issues/women/combat.html

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preview essay on Women in the military: Past,Present and Future( US military)
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Research Paper
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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