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WITH REFERENCE TO THE UN MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE ASSERTION THAT HEALTH IS NOW TOP OF THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA FOR DEVELOPMENT Essay Example

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WITH REFERENCE TO THE UN MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE ASSERTION THAT HEALTH IS NOW TOP OF THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA FOR DEVELOPMENT

Under this goal, United Nations (2007, p. 23), explains that the first target was to reduce by halve the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day from what the population was in 1990. Reddy and Heuty (2005, p. 10) argues that poverty is a multi-dimensional phenomenon and defines it as lack of options to various dimensions of the quality of life. There are many people living in absolute poverty in some parts of Asia and Africa as observed by Reddy and Heuty (2005, p.Poverty deprives one a chance to quality treatment, quality housing and predisposes one to live in poor neighborhood. This consequently increases the risk of contracting diseases without access to health facility. Humberto (2006, p. 24) asserted that reducing poverty will improve the reproductive health in-turn reducing mortality rates. Reduction of poverty will enhance the quality of life and thereby contribute to better living conditions. Moreover, reduction of poverty would help facilitate access to clean water. On the other hand, eradication of extreme hunger will lead to reduction of people who die due to hunger in the Horn of Africa during drought. This goal will also ensure that cases of malnutrition which impacts on the health of most children in the poor parts of the world is significantly brought down as noted by Barro (2001, p.The commitment to achieve universal primary education for all by 2015 has a critical role to play in enhancing health for all. Chulu (2009, p. 50) observes that provision of education enhances human development and is interrelated to other sectors such as health. Chulu (2009, p. 56) notes that provision of education and training is an integral step towards improving the quality of life of an individual. Chulu (2009, p. 56) explains that the envisioned areas of emphasis in basic education are on enhancing literacy, numeracy and essential life skills. Giving an individual essential life skill will go a long way in enhancing the health standards of the population since there will be higher knowledge on nutrition, hygiene and reproductive health. Basic education will also equip people with skills on the need to go for immunization and risk behaviours that can expose one to disease. Moreover, provision of education is a way towards economically empowering the poor and thereby reducing the impacts of poverty.The next MDG was the commitment to promote gender equality and empowerment of women. This goal if

References

Allen, T. and Thomas, A 2000, ‘’Poverty and development into the 21st century’’. OUP Publisher,

Adam, C., and Bevan, D. 2005, ‘Fiscal Deficits and Growth in Developing Countries’, Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Vol. 89 (4),pp. 571-597.

Barro, R., 2001, ‘Economic Growth in a CrossSection of Countries’, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 106, No. 2, pp. 407-443.

Chulu, O., 2009, MDG Country Assessment: Malawi, Bureau for Africa and the Bureau for Development Policy, UNDP, New York. pp 20-56

Humberto Lopez, J., 2006, ‘The Relative Roles of Growth and Inequality for Poverty Reduction’, chapter in the book, Poverty Reduction and Growth: Virtuous and Vicious Circles, The World Bank, Washington DC. Pp 10-37

Reddy, S., and Heuty, A. 2005, ‘Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: A Critique and a Strategy, Bureau for Development Policy.’’ UNDP, New York.

United Nations, 2007, ‘’The United Nations Development Agenda: Development for all; Goals, commitments and strategies agreed at the United Nations World conferences and summits since 1990’’. United Nations, New York. Pp 1-95 accessed 3rd February, 2012 http://www.un.org/en/development/devagenda/UNDA_BW5_Final.pdf

Utting, P 2003, ‘Promoting Development through Corporate Social Responsibility - Does it Work?’’ Global Future, Third Quarter 2003, Profit and Loss? Corporations and Development. London: World Vision International. Pp. 50

UNDP, 2010, ‘’Beyond the Midpoint: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals’’. Pp1- 100 accessed 3rd February, 2012 <http://www.sl.undp.org/1_doc/MDG_mid_point.pdf>

United Nations Children’s Fund, 2008, ‘’The State ofthe World’s Children 2008: Child Survival’’. UNICEF, New York. Pp 1-78

United Nations Development Programme, 2004,’Millennium Development Goals Needs Assessments: Methodology, Millennium Project.’’ UNDP, New York, 20-67.

World Health Organization and UNICEF, 2010, ‘’Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000–2010): taking stock of maternal, newborn and child survival’’. Geneva: WHO and UNICEF pp 1-60

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preview essay on WITH REFERENCE TO THE UN MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE ASSERTION THAT HEALTH IS NOW TOP OF THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA FOR DEVELOPMENT
  • Pages: 6 (1500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Ph.D.
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