Across the U.S, the birth rates are falling, and family is shrinking. The fertility rate is less than two children a woman. As a result, U.S populations are growing extremely slowly and are beginning to decrease. Montgomery states that the demographic trends portend that there are difficult times ahead for the United States economy because there are not enough people for jobs (206). A workforce that does not have enough workers can decrease productivity over time for any workforce. At the same time, the growing population of the elderly individuals threatens the solvency of social insurance and pension systems (Montgomery 206). As the household decreases, because people move away or some people die, the ability to care for the elderly diminishes. Also, a change in nutrition can affect the birth rate because the food women are consuming will affect their fertility and will have a relationship to whether their baby is born healthy or not (Montgomery 206).Some people may think that having more workers may be up to the younger generation. This would mean that people who are under the age of 18 now, would have more children than their parents did. This would increase the population if these new parents raised their children with a good work ethic so that they would be willing to work. Why the Falling U.S. Birth Rates Are So Troubling.
“Decline in Fertility Rates, Recession Cause Global Social Security Problems.” Voice of America. 24 August 2010. YouTube. Web. 12 December 2012.
Kotkin, Joel. “Americas Baby Bust: How The Great Recession Has Jeopardized Our Demographic Health.” Forbes Magazine. 21 August 2012. Web. 15 December 2012.
Montgomery, Mark R. From Death to Birth: Mortality Decline and Reproductive Change. Washington, DC: National Acad. Press, 2009. Print.
Walsh, Valdis. “Pension and immigration policies in France.” Allianz Blog. 18 June 2010. Web. 15 December 2012.
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