Fall every year the government reported with the experts calling it a proof that the weak economy has continued to reduce enthusiasm for having children. The drop in the preceding year was just by 1 %, not as a big drop as to 3% drop which was seen in the recent years. It may be an effect of the fertility rate and the aging population. The falling birth is a new phenomenon in this state; they had been on since the late 1990s. In the last year, fewer than four million births were reckoned last year the lowermost number since 1998. The theory behind the drop of the birth rate is couples who work hard get time being together, feeling that they are no need of having children because of their busy schedules. Across the U.S, the birth rates are falling, and family is shrinking. The fertility rate is less than two children a woman. As a result, U.S populations are growing extremely slowly and are beginning to decrease. Montgomery states that the demographic trends portend that there are difficult times ahead for the United States economy because there are not enough people for jobs (206). A workforce that does not have enough workers can decrease productivity over time for any workforce. At the same time, the growing population of the elderly individuals threatens the solvency of social insurance and pension systems (Montgomery 206). As the household decreases, because people move away or some people die, the ability to care for the elderly diminishes. Also, a change in nutrition can affect the birth rate because the food women are consuming will affect their fertility and will have a relationship to whether their baby is born healthy or not (Montgomery 206).Some people may think that having more workers may be up to the younger generation. This would mean that people who are under the age of 18 now, would have more children than their parents did. This would increase the population if these new parents raised their children with a good work ethic so that they would be willing to work.
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