Liberals argue that society is best constituted because it allows individuals to pursue their self-interest and recognition of personal interest. In addition, classical liberalism is a philosophy of astute commitment to the ideals of liberty to individuals and limited government. According to this political ideology, recognition of the fundamental freedom of religion, press, speech, free market and assembly are important components in liberalism.The recognition of inherent values that promote human dignity and promotion of personal expression underpins integral components of liberalism (Minogue 2010). Just like radicals, the proponents of classical liberal theory were driven by pursuit to challenge the governance dominance on the freedom of people. They share similar political visions and values of a free society, where individuals have unlimited space to express divergent views without fear of victimization from government.Edwards (2004) observes that historically, liberalism developed in Western Europe and America during the nineteenth century as a manifestation of the growing concern of suppressive government. Scholars argue that those intellectuals who agitated for democratic ideals in the political landscape drove the theory. Notably, there are important contributors to the classical theory, Adam Smith, a psychologist, argued that individual liberty and natural law application are important values that society should recognize in promoting self-fulfillment of individual (Barrish 2005). He recognized classical liberalism as the path towards personal freedom.In addition, Jean-Baptiste, Thomas Malthus and Ricardo have been instrumental in shaping the theory through systematic transition to the neo-classical liberalism. While supporting the political ideology, these proponents suggested that political parties in Europe should be in forefront in enhancing personal liberty. Although the classical theory borrowed heavily from the ideas proposed in the 18th century, it advocates for a government and society ruled by the public as a result of urbanization and industrial revolution (Smith 2008).In essence, the term was applied in retrospective earlier nineteenth century liberalism. The new version examines how people are influenced by the existing governance conservatism. In the United States, the liberalists established liberal political parties that fiercely differed with conservative parties whose ideology and powerful state and trade
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