The problem of ‘peak oil’ is also related to the issue of global warming. When oil production peaks and starts declining, it will be necessary to use other substitutes besides renewable resources examined above, such as coal. This will be necessary to power electric and hybrid vehicles and as the material converted into diesel fuel. These processes producing carbon dioxide will increase air and water pollution, and adversely affect climate change. “Therefore, a potential effect of climate change is increased environmental damage and more rapid climate change” (Grant 5).Long-term, serious shortages of fossil-fuel supply is not considered likely, once other fossil fuels’ interconvertible use with oil is established. “Even the arrival of ‘peak oil’, the point at which production reaches a maximum – would not mean a global energy shortage at today’s prices” (Lackner and Sachs 217). However, it is necessary that public policy should include the transition from oil to other sources of liquid fuel which will require a significant lead time and engineering. Environmental concerns will rise, relating to increasing concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide acting as a greenhouse gas. Despite using low-cost, realistic technologies to eliminate the carbon challenge through carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), and converting vehicles to cost-effective hybrid models, atmospheric carbon concentrations will continue to rise because of increasing economic growth. Hence, measures have to be taken to reduce atmospheric pollution while investigating new energy resources for the future.Dieter Holm and Jennifer McIntosh (56) state that in developing countries improved access to clean modern energy is the first measure towards poverty reduction, and a key to fulfilling the United Nations Development Goals. The (ISES) white papers on renewable energy policy measures and incentives assert the requirement to organise a Renewable Energy (RE) transition in the developing world. The ISES emphasizes that for achieving effective outcomes, renewable energy transition should be immediate, rapid and orderly, and based on national policies and international cooperation, states Van Staden (1).According to the ISES (6), a summary of its policies include first, the establishment of transparent, consistent, long-term targets and regulatory frameworks. This policy states that the Kyoto
Deffeyes, Kenneth S. Hubbert’s peak: The impending world oil shortage. The United
States of America: Princeton Unversity Press, 2008.
Droege, Peter. Urban energy transition: From fossil fuels to renewable power. The
United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2008.
Farina, Ronald F. “Geopolitical factors and increasingly turbulent supply and demand
scenarios in energy markets: Modeling rejuvenated interest in Biomass Energy
Sources. Journal of Global Business and Technology, 2.1 (2006): 12-23.
Grant, Lyle K. “Peak oil as a behavioral problem”. Behavior and Social Issues, 16.1
Holm, Dieter and Jennifer McIntosh. “Renewable energy – The future for the developing
world. Renewable Energy Focus, 9.1 (2008): 56-61.
Huddart, D and Tim Stott. Earth environments: Past, present and future. New Jersey:
John Wiley and Sons, 2010.
ISES (International Solar Energy Society). Renewable energy future for the developing
world. White Paper, International Solar Energy Society. 2005: 1-60. 8 April 2012
Van Staden, Rian. “Transitioning to a renewable energy future”. Science Forum (2004):
Lackner, Klaus S and Jeffrey D. Sachs. “A robust strategy for sustainable energy”.
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2 (2005): 215-285.
Lloyd, Bob and Srikanth Subbarao. “Development challenges under the Clean
Development Mechanism (CDM) – Can renewable energy initiatives be put in place
before peak oil?” Energy Policy 37 (2009): 237-245.
Ottinger, Richard L. and Rebecca Williams. “Renewable energy resources for
development. Environmental Law, 32.2 (2002): pp.331-353.
Perraton, Jonathan. “Heavy constraints on a ‘weightless world’? Resources and the new
economy. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 65.3 (2006): 641-691.
Wissler, John B. “Achieving balance”. Air and Space Power Journal, 23.4 (2009): 80-90.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples