Journalists are also known as reporters or writers.There are several types of journalism categorized depending on the targeted audiences and purposes. Each of the different types of journalism employs a different writing and presentation style with a unique approach to gathering and delivering news and information to audiences. The main forms of journalism include advocacy journalism, gonzo journalism, broadcast journalism, investigative journalism, yellow Journalism, tabloid journalism, and photojournalism (Muhlmann & Birrel, 2008).Advocacy journalism is a form of journalism where the journalist of the reporter intentionally expresses a personal or subjective point of view in order to make the report more factual. Despite being subjective, advocacy journalism is distinguished from bias and propaganda, which do not represent factual truth (Innis, 2008). Gonzo journalism refers to a form of journalism where the person telling a story is part of the main story and tells it from a personal or subjective point of view. Gonzo journalism allows journalists to give news and other information from a first person perspective, where the reporters are the main protagonists in the story (Paterson & Domingo, 2008). Investigative journalism, on the other hand, involves reporters investigating and researching on a specific topic such as corruption, crime or any other interesting topic in order to bring out or expose the facts surrounding such a topic. Photojournalism entails gathering, editing and presenting images for broadcast or publication in order to tell a story.Photojournalism mostly refers to images, but may also refer to videos used in broadcast journalism. There is a slight distinction between photojournalism and other types of photography such as street photography and celebrity photography. Photojournalists work within a rigid ethical framework that demands for impartiality and honesty in telling a story using images, unlike other photographers who may not necessarily have a code of ethics to guide them in their professions (Simonson, 2010). Tabloid journalism is a type of journalism that tends to lay emphasis on certain sensational topics such as crime, astrology, and gossip about celebrities and other public figures. Another type of journalism is yellow journalism, or yellow press, which involves the use of
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