In the developing countries, there are a number of factors that are believed to lead to food insecurity. One of the most common causes of food insecurity in developing world is drought. When there is an occurrence of a drought people are not always able to get the harvests that they initially target. As a result of such failures, households are never able to have sufficient supply of food as they would have in case the harvest was a good one. What makes matters worse during droughts is that food prices usually go up. Therefore, even those who budget for their food will obviously have to pay more for their food. Sometimes situations, even get to the level where someone might even have money to buy food, but miss food because of its unavailability in the market. When such incidents take place, people have to settle for less adequate food in terms of quality, quantity, and frequency of meals.Apart from droughts there are other extreme weather events that can lead to food insecurity. These events might include floods, earthquakes, and tsunamis. These occurrences usually make food production unfavourable, thus leading to low food production. When this happens there is always an obvious shortage of food which means that people cannot get food adequately. For instance, when there is too much rain many of the plants that would have done well with just enough rains are usually destroyed. Livestock rearing is also always distracted when such incidents take place.Climate change is a global problem. However, some of the developing countries are usually highly affected by climatic change. Climatic change has increased over the past decade as a result of increased carbon emission. It is even worse in the developing countries because there is lack of effective policies that regulate carbon emitting industrial activity. Because of climate change, there are usually changes in weather patterns that make agriculture less favorable. During the previous years, farmers in developing countries could easily predict the seasons and know exactly when the right time to do their sowing was. The sad thing is that this is no longer the case. A number of times farmers make their plans based on weather predictions and expectations only for things to happen in a completely different way as a result of climate change. This is intensified by the fact that some of them might not have the technological knowledge on how to handle such situation.
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