These practices had just resulted into severe pain and suffering amongst the large population in Africa (Curtis, Hubbard & Shepherd, 1998). There is, therefore, an urgent need to try and not to stop at nothing but to develop proactive mechanisms. These mechanisms include actions such as incentives, subsidies as well grand and donations amongst the LDCs Agricultural and industrial sectors to increase the productivities.To start with, two serious approaches to prevention particularly in African countries have been proposed. One is the attention towards debt reduction and increased export in African nations aimed at mitigating the balance of payment deficits. African countries operate under debts from the west and other financial institution such as the IMF and World Bank (Curtis, Hubbard & Shepherd, 1998). The revenues collected in the respective countries cannot be domestically used to alleviate poverty as they are spent in paying loans (Ben, 1997). The loan repayment has in essence led to overdependence amongst the African countries particularly to the west as the population controls are far from being implemented hence fertility rises at an alarming rate. The previous grants and funds that were diverted to rural development have thus been shifted to other activities of to weed out the BOP deficits. In order to curb the massive effects of Famine particularly in Arid and Semi-Arid areas, rural development has to be prioritized despite as it put it emphasizes on asset creation (Curtis, Hubbard & Shepherd, 1998). Dissenting arguments may arise that rural development has only led to minimal finance creation in the short run, but it is an evaluation has presented more pros than cons towards effective famine prevention. The efforts and focus should never be on income generation but sustaining the ‘livelihoods. ‘This strategy should be accompanied by increased mobilization and sensitizing on the need to boost productive assets, food, cash and intensive security against impoverishment (Curtis, Hubbard & Shepherd, 1998).On the hand, short term proactive emergency actions can be employed to curb the spread of famine. Famine proactive and short-term administrative strategies experience and knowledge is available with respect to India, Botswana and Bangladesh. The three countries have been rated successfully about famine prevention in over
Ben Fine (1997). Entitlement failure? (Pages 617-647)
Curtis, D., Hubbard, M. & Shepherd, A. (1998). Preventing famine, politics and Prospects for Africa, Part 2, Routledge.
Dreze & Sen (1989). Hunger and public Action, part 2
Kent, B. (1984). The political economy of hunger, part2,
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