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What can pottery tell us about settlement practice and occupation histories archaeology Essay Example

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What can pottery tell us about settlement practice and occupation histories archaeology

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Prior to the 1050BC, The Mycenaeans occupied Greece and caused a cultural collapse similar to the dark ages of Europe (Mee and Renard 83). Individuals were unable to create artefacts or express themselves culturally. However, these activities resumed in the protogeometrical era, right after 1050 BC.This pottery shows archaeologists that people had settled and were comfortable enough to make their own products. The fact that they decorated them with paintings also indicated that they had the tools and expertise needed to make those designs. At first, geometric pottery was relatively simply but its designs got more intricate after 900BC. Human figures showed up after this period in what historians now call orientalised pottery.Some of the sites in which these early forms of pottery were obtained have a lot to show modern day historians how settlements occurred then. In this period, production of pottery was initially minimal. In some sites, such as Franchthi, about a dozen vessels were found. However, production continued to increase as this era wore on. Estimates indicate that about 150 vessels were created at the time.Initially, the pottery came in the form of bowls and cups. It is easy to deduce that these items were utilised for food and drinks. However, they appeared to be ritualised or reserved only for special occasions. With the continual increase of pottery in this era, it is likely that its use was also widened. The introduction of agriculture has certain associations with the emergence of pottery, especially at the beginning of the discovery.Pottery provided great advantages to the population with regard to agricultural items. They could store the food, cook it and serve it in these ceramics (Rice 70). The versatility of these products was not initially evident, but would soon become obvious with continual use of the same. This explains why the curvature and appearance of most products in the early period seemed to have a distinct look.Most items recovered from the geometrical era had high pedestals or looked like open bowls. Such products were largely used to store items. However, later in that period, cooking vessels were recovered. Even bulk storage seemed not to be a priority for these individuals until several centuries later. Jars and bowls were quite common and collar-necked jars helped in storage of goods during the short term. One may deduce this from the low centre

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Works Cited

Bintliff, J, E. Farinetti and K. Sbonias. “Classical farms, hidden prehistoric landscapes and Greek rural survey.” Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 15(2002): 259-265. Print.

Crowell, J. and W. Cavanagh. The survey area in the prehistoric periods. London: British School at Athens, 2002. Print.

Johnson, M. and C Perles. An overview of settlement patterns in eastern Thessaly. Cambridge: McDonald Institute, 2004. Print.

Mee, C. and J. Renard. Cooking up the past: Food and Culinary practices in the Neolithic and Bronze age. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2007. Print.

Renfrew, C. and P. Bahn. Archaeology: Theories, methods and practice. NY: Thames and Hudson, 1996. Print.

Rice, P. Pottery Analysis: A sourcebook. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990. Print.

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