An ancient Roman villa is the fairly recent excavations at the San Felice Villa, which is located in the Basentello River Valley of Italy that separated the ancient vicus (Roman word for neighborhood) of Apulia from Lucania. This site is a rich archaeological dig in terms of the old architectural remains (buildings and houses), artefactual assemblage, and environmental evidence within the site itself. Preliminary evidence suggests it was a part of a larger estate; it was important in fostering local and regional connections for the villa’s inhabitants.Historians are generally agreed that coins were invented at around 700 B. (before current era) independently in Lydia (now a part of modern-day Turkey), in India, and in China. The Roman Empire which followed the defunct Roman Republic is known to make a wide use of coinage to impose its imperial rule in the areas under its control. This use of coinage was for various purposes such as to promote trade, commerce, industry, and as payment for the goods and commodities supplied to imperial Rome with items like salt, grains, fruits, cattle, and others.Excavations at the San Felice Villa indicated the area was quite prosperous at that time. This ancient Roman villa at San Felice was actually a private imperial estate and had a profound cultural influence in the area as part of a larger regional urban and rural network. It existed from the first century BC up to the early third century AD and the surrounding areas of the villa were the most productive in terms of agricultural and industrial outputs and so coinage as a currency was really a big part in promoting the economic development of this area. On a wider context, a presence of coins in an excavated villa signifies that Roman influence was firmly established.Roman coins facilitated trade in the many areas under Roman imperial control or rule; as trade is promoted, the economy of an area also improves and the result would be the social development of that area to a higher degree than would otherwise be possible. The significance of Roman coins excavated in ancient villas point to this enduring Roman influence in social, political, and cultural affairs of the people who were brought under Roman subjugation. This was how the Roman Empire expanded so swiftly in a vast geographic area because besides its use of superior military firepower, legions, and strategy, the ancient Romans knew it is better to solidify this influence on the many
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