Western philosophy is rational, scientific, naturalistic, focused on progress and transforming activity, while the eastern philosophy is mystical, intuitive, focused on aesthetic and ethical education. The question of being and non-being is one of the main concepts in the understanding of the origin of the universe. The fact that it is addressed to the universal values shows that Eastern and Western philosophy also has common features. In the center of knowledge - the problem of good and evil; beauty and ugliness; justice and injustice.
In Western philosophy being is the word of ideas, immutable substances, enlightenment and existence. While non-being is the illusory nature of the universe. According to Eastern philosophy, the universe has no beginning and no end, it existed and will exist. While in Western philosophy birth of the universe is one of the fundamental ontological and metaphysical questions. S. Radhakrishnan says that “the world is beginningless and endless” (Radhakrishnan, 1948, p.89). In consequence, Eastern philosophy is characterized by concepts of being and non-being, it focuses on the present moment, which is not interested in the future and the past. Western philosophy, on the contrary, focuses on more rational questions about the beginning and the end of the universe.
In Eastern philosophy moral behavior is a self-conscious behavior. Behavior, implying a deeper human nature, is free from all the bonds of the selfish personality. Desire should hold back. When a person runs the desire, the soul suffers because it does not comply with the law of human existence. Inner purity is more important than external subordination. If a person is not considered a high moral law, his life will be the same as the animal existence without end and purpose, where he is randomly busy, loves, hates, cares and kills without purpose and reason. The mind must be purified. The Upanishads assert that morality and love are forms of higher consciousness, they object to only against the word "selfishness" and everything that is potentially connected with it.
Works CitedRadhakrishnan, S. Indian Philosophy. Volume 1 Holland: L. Van Leer & Co N.V., 1948. Print
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