While in Western philosophy birth of the universe is one of the fundamental ontological and metaphysical questions. S. Radhakrishnan says that “the world is beginningless and endless” (Radhakrishnan, 1948, p.89). In consequence, Eastern philosophy is characterized by concepts of being and non-being, it focuses on the present moment, which is not interested in the future and the past. Western philosophy, on the contrary, focuses on more rational questions about the beginning and the end of the universe.
In Eastern philosophy moral behavior is a self-conscious behavior. Behavior, implying a deeper human nature, is free from all the bonds of the selfish personality. Desire should hold back. When a person runs the desire, the soul suffers because it does not comply with the law of human existence. Inner purity is more important than external subordination. If a person is not considered a high moral law, his life will be the same as the animal existence without end and purpose, where he is randomly busy, loves, hates, cares and kills without purpose and reason. The mind must be purified. The Upanishads assert that morality and love are forms of higher consciousness, they object to only against the word "selfishness" and everything that is potentially connected with it.
. Western and Eastern Philosophy.
Works CitedRadhakrishnan, S. Indian Philosophy. Volume 1 Holland: L. Van Leer & Co N.V., 1948. Print
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