Henry is known for his irony, Magi is used to represent the three kings who gave gifts at the manger and as a metaphor for the ancient spelling of the word Magic. Because of the irony of the word, the reader knows that something happens in undertones, as a twist, when the gifts are given. As themes are often interpretations, some might not agree with the second meaning. There are three twists in the story: cutting her hair, shopping for the gift, and giving the gift. The number three is a literary device he uses throughout the story. Each theme is expressed with the use of the number three to define the setting, the tone, or the character. The most important theme is the meaning of selfless love as gift giving without any pretense of anything in return represents the three kings and our young couple (Nozar, p.The story opens with Della counting her money, she counts it three times. Her character description has three subthemes: poverty, desperation & hope. Henry demonstrates movement by changing narration when he adds "Three times Della counted it….." The number three adds to the motion of the first paragraph. He opens and closes the paragraph with $1.87 and ends her waiting for her husband with "what could I do with $1.” Three times she mentions this sum of money. She is the initial story teller. Henry is the narrator.There are minor themes of poverty, lack of gifts for Christmas, love, unconditional love, humiliation and wanting to please each other. Each of these minor themes play an important part in the central theme of unconditional gift giving.The device of other uses of three: the grocer, vegetable man, and the butcher show the theme of humiliation of having to save the pennies. Sobs, Sniffles and Smiles brings the narration back to Della. The use of S is her way of describing her feelings about life. This is the last time we hear directly from Della until she goes to sell her hair. Henry shows her as being a naïve and innocent. He often romanticized the pains of poverty.From the narrators point of view, the predominant theme is that there is not a Christmas present for her husband. Della has equated the present with showing her love, respect and honor due to Mr. She continues to show her humiliated, depressed state when she uses the word gray: gray cat, gray fence, gray backyard. The cat was a metaphor for her life and existence in her apartment. At one point in anticipation of her husband she said she
Clugston, R. W. (2010). Journey into Literature.
Nozar, N. (2010). How to Study Literature: A Stylistic and Pragmatic Approach.
Wherlock, H.P. (2010). Companion to the American Short Story.
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