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Water and sustainability Essay Example

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Water and sustainability

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The federal and state laws and codes are tasked with the determination of the various operational requirements, public notifications of the standards, provision of guidance to the state primacy agencies and publish the consumer confidence reports (Liu, Jianguo, and Wu Yang 650).Unlike China, the laws in the US such as Safe Drinking Water Act ensure quality of the drinking water is high. The public water systems in the US must comply with the laws to ensure that the water is safe. Unlike the US, China’s drinking water is largely impacted by its economic activities. The water sources in China are limited and the few that are available are contaminated making China’s tap water unsafe for drinking.China’s water resources are over allocated, grossly polluted and inefficiently used by the human and industrial waste to the extent that the vast stretches of the rivers are dying, the lakes are the cesspools of the wastes, and the groundwater’s aquifers are over-pumped. Additionally, China’s unsustainability consumed, the uncounted species of the aquatic life have been driven to the extinction, and the direct adverse impact on both the ecosystem health and human are widespread and increasing. Of the twenty most seriously polluted cities in the world, the 16 of them are in China. The main watersheds of China are exposed to the severe pollution. The three hundred million people lack the access to the safe drinking water. The desertification has been increased due to the excessive withdraws of the ground and surface waters especially in the northern China.Examples of the water problems that are facing China include; 700 million people consume the contaminated water, 40% of the water in China is polluted and that 50% of the polluted water is severely dangerous that even a slight contact with the water can be hazardous to the health, approximately 108 Chinese experience severe shortage of water, and 45% of the land in China is irrigated owing to the lack of the rainfall (this accounts for about 60% of China’s water use). Additionally, the misallocation of the resources is one of the serious problem that is facing China in regard to water sustainability. Most of the water sources are concentrated in the southern parts of China and that the northern part is the one that is in more need of the water requirements. Furthermore, the northern region of China produces the coal that requires

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Works Cited

Cao, Guoliang, et al. "Use of flow modeling to assess sustainability of groundwater resources in the North China Plain." Water Resources Research 49.1 (2013): 159-175. Print.

Childers, Daniel L., et al. "Advancing urban sustainability theory and action: Challenges and opportunities." Landscape and urban planning 125 (2014): 320-328. Print.

Liu, Jianguo, and Wu Yang. "Water sustainability for China and beyond." Science 337.6095 (2012): 649-650. Print.

Peng S and Ma J. Potential and development countermeasure of the water-saving techniques in the field. Water Saving Irrigation (2009); 44:11-13. Print.

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