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Water pollution Essay Example

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Water pollution

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The main cause for pollution of the river was heavy industrialization and thus contaminants in the form of industrial wastes and dumping, and over 500 tonnes of these toxic contaminants were being dumped into the river each day. This caused the river to become the most polluted water body in Britain.The main effects of all these wastes were that the water temperature of the river grew to a great extent, causing a decrease in the dissolved oxygen it contained. And thus, it was no surprise that no plants or animals were able to survive properly in the water of Tees. Due to the decreased levels of wildlife survival, the problem was sought to be tackled by the concerned government departments and the main solution that they brought to the scene was declining permits and tightening the discharge permits to industries and companies situated in and around the river. In the year 1972, these changes began to be adopted and the dirt in the area soon began to decrease. great part of the land from the river Tees had also been reclaimed in order to use for building businesses, bring about leisure development, as well as maintenance for public recreation. Various actions were taken in order to clean the environment around the river, cleanse the waste and garbage material as well as take initiative to treat the domestic sewage and industrial discharges coming from the factories and industries. The main idea was for industries to understand that they cannot be harming the environment or giving rise to new technology at the cost of wildlife and nature; the heavy pollution of the river has also caused problems for people eating the contaminated fish from the very water body and thus is a threat to not only the wildlife but also to the people who live in and around the area. (Biodiversity – Rivers)After having tested the water, it was found out that the water contained toxic levels of lead and lethal levels of bacteria and protozoa which were stemming the growth of any kind of flora and fauna inside the water. Parker) Excessive waste dumping was also a cause for a decline in the level of water that the river contained and in times of global warming, this is an even bigger threat to any water body because of the already declining water levels. Also, since this estuary joins the main sea, the pollutants had been travelling miles and getting mixed with the main water as well, harming the rest of the

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The History of the River Tees in Maps, 3rd. Ed. (2001), D.W. Pattenden, published by Cleveland and Teesside Local History Society.

Natural Britain, The River Tees, County Durham. 2012. Natural Britain, The River Tees, County Durham. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.information-britain.co.uk/naturaldetail.php?id=14. [Accessed 15 January 2012].

Biodiversity - Rivers. 2012. Biodiversity - Rivers. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.redcar-cleveland.gov.uk/main.nsf/Web+Full+List/7D981A029CFDE1F58025733A00457DD2?OpenDocument. [Accessed 15 January 2012].

J.G. Parker, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Volume 7, Issue 2, April 1983, Pages 172-178.

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