According to the United States geological survey, there is a 99% likelihood of a major earthquake in the southern parts of the state according to information from the last three decades. It is only in northern California that the risk is a bit lower but still disrupts the normal water supply and use in the state (Von der Portena & De Loë, 2014).Earthquakes results into damage and the disruption of water infrastructure on the state and these results into the disruption in water supply to different parts of the county. As a result, the development of water policies may only be considered successful if they factor in the impacts of these catastrophic events in their implementations. For example, policies that consider the vulnerability of Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta will lead to the introduction of mitigation measures, which are procrastinated and intended to prevent normal supply of water in the region (Roos, 2013).This area is important in the supply of water to major cities in California especially San Francisco bay area and the San Joaquin value, all found within the southern part of California. Policies that led to the development of contingency plans and the identification of alternative supplies in these states is essential for a catastrophic event has the potential to wholly disrupt water access.Decline in the ground water basins continue to present a more scaring water problem in western parts of the United States and more specifically in California. The declining groundwater basins in California have affected the nature of policies adopted in the state and the manner in which the scarce resource is allocated to different sectors of the economy. Groundwater basin accounts to more than a third of the water used for agricultural and urban consumption in the state, more specifically during drought and famine in the region (Von der Portena & De Loë, 2014).As a result, the development of regulatory measures meant to control the use of water by different parts of the economy must factor in the water reserve within the groundwater basin at all times. Previously, water policies failed to highlight the importance of groundwater and this has been attributed to the challenges that have faced California in the past. This has led to the creation of water overdraft, which continues to threaten the viability of
Hanak, E. (2008). Is Water Policy Limiting Residential Growth? Evidence from California. Land Economics, 84(1), 31-50.
Roos, V. (2013). Water policy issues of critical concern to almond growers. Western Farm Press, 35(20), 32-34.
Von der Portena, S., & de Loë, R. C. (2014). Water policy reform and Indigenous governance. Water Policy, 16(2), 222-243. doi:10.2166/wp.2013.046.
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