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Water Management in Yellow River Essay Example

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Water Management in Yellow River

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According to Eng and Ma (2006), major companies are calling off their business ventures due to water concerns as well as augmenting internal conflicts over the quality and allocation of water resources. These events have resulted in new political pressures on the regional and central governments to tighten their fight with the current water management problems.A 2005 Chinese Government report revealed that fifty thousand environmentally related protests occurred, most of which revolved around degradation of water. A Chinese media reported that “the pursuit of economic growth has been the priority overshadowing the vital issues of water resources and ecological balance” (Caixiong, 2007). These problems have been addressed in various capacities but have been hampered by efforts by the local governments aimed at protecting jobs and local industries, corruption by the government, the desire to ensure rapid economic development as well as the crippling weakness of the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) (Turner, 2006).The Yellow River is among the most productive yet destructive rivers in the world (Yardley, 2007a). As a result, past Chinese governments have made it a main concern to manage it accordingly. The economic surpluses in the North of China and the whole country in general over the past millennium have been made possible thanks to the productivity of the Yellow River. However, the river is characterised by periodic breakouts and changes in its course as it stretches a distance greater than five thousand kilometres across western and northern parts of the country consequently resulting in some of the world’s worst disasters in history.The productivity of the river together with its potential for destruction is caused by the mass silt it accumulates from its upper catchment. This silt is usually deposited on the banks of the river as well as the river bed as it loses power during various stages and regions of its course, thus raising the banks and the river as well. Consequently, the Yellow river has hundreds of its kilometres flowing metres above the surrounding plain and its residents (Yardley, 2007a). In cases of a breakout, the water floods over large areas coming with severe impacts to the region and its ill-protected population. The Chinese government has been working towards managing these breakages by supporting dykes, strengthening banks as well as an attempt to

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Boyle, C.E. (2007) Water-borne Illness in China. The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, A China Environmental Health Project Research Brief.

Caixiong, Z. (2007). User pays, that’s the price of wastage, China Daily.

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Eng, M., & Ma, J. (2006) Building Sustainable Solutions to Water: Conflicts in the United States and China, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, China Environment Series, pp.155–184.

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Turner, J.L. (2006) ‘New Ripples and Responses to China’s Water Woes.’ Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, China Brief, vol. 6, no. 25.

Yang, J. et al. (2005) ‘A mass vaccination campaign targeting adults and children to prevent typhoid fever in Hechi; Expanding the use of Vi polysaccharide vaccine in Southeast China: A cluster-randomiz\sed trial,’ BMC Public Health, vol. 5, no. 49, pp. 1471–2458.

Yardley, J. (2007a) China tunnels through Yellow River for massive water diversion project, International Herald Tribune.

Yardley, J. (2007b) Chinese dam projects criticised for their human costs, The New York Times.

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