Therefore, in this region water shortage is considered a common problem. For example, in Jordan ‘the drying of streams has led to the lowering of water levels across the country’ (Hadadin et al. In Jordan, this water shortage first appeared in about 1960s and has highly expanded since then (Hadadin et al. The two factors that have been considered as enhancing the country’s water shortage problem are the following: the Middle East is a region rich in water if we consider the associated sea water but these countries are not utilizing their natural reservoirs by recycling. In a recent report, it has been stated that these countries are having extensive resources to cover their water needs, but they have shown low performance in regard to the adequacy of their water resources. Indeed, in the specific reports, the ‘Water Stress Index - WSI’ (Dubai School of Government 2011, p.2) has been used as an indicator for showing ‘the imbalance between water demand and water availability’ (Dubai School of Government 2011, p. Through the research developed by relevant governmental organizations, UAE ‘ranks first, with a WSI of ≥￢1.0’ (Dubai School of Government 2011, p. This means that UAE has one of the highest imbalances, in regard to water availability towards water demands.Water is a critical element of agriculture. The availability of water is a prerequisite for the development of a region’s productivity in terms of agriculture (Selby 2003). The chances of a region to achieve a high income from agricultural products are more when the amount of water available for irrigation is high (Selby 2003). In other words, water can be used for improving the financial status of a region but only through securing the consent of local people.In addition, the infrastructure used in water supply needs to be periodically checked and replaced, if necessary (Zyadin 2013). Such activity is related to costs that can be considerably high (Zyadin 2013). Therefore, the government of countries in the Middle East, especially Jordan, Syria, Israel and Palestine, should plan to invest money in improving water supply networks
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