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Human intelligence is one of the heated debated topics where psychologists failed to secure a common answer. Many views that the foundation of intelligence is a biological factor, and others consider it is directly related to the success. Thus, we can deduce that a distinct genetic group is more intelligent than other groups, and a person who did not achieve success in his life is not intelligent. History shows that these types of interpretation of intelligence were used to justify discrimination of one race against another. Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray’s book, The Bell Curve, published in 1994 used racial discrimination concept to explain human intelligence. The authors studied the variations of intelligence in American society using empirical statistical analysis based on the results of standardized intelligence tests. According to them, African American and Latinos are less intelligent than Caucasians and Asian Americans (The Bell Curve). Authors’ conclusions were highly criticized by many famous psychologists. Ulrich Neisser along with a group of psychologists explained intelligence through certain characteristics. According to them, an intelligent person learns from the experience, engages in various forms of reasoning, overcomes obstacles by using thinking process, can adapt to the environment, can understand complex ideas (Introduction to Emotion). These characteristics do not necessarily confirms that intelligent people are those people who did well in the school tests, or read a lot of books. Instead, a street-smart person and a person who could pick up a dance quickly could also be an intelligent person. Charles Spearman supported Neisswr’s idea and devised two-factor theory of intelligence through the study of student grades using factor analysis statistical method. His theory depicts two types of human intelligence: general global or g factor, and specific or s factor. G factor postulates that one determining intelligence factor governs all cognitive abilities. S factor only defines a specific single intellectual skill (Introduction to Emotion).Emotions are reaction of the brain to stimuli and are expressed through experiences such as happiness, love, panic, fear, hate, anger, belief and despair. Emotions have three parts: subjective feelings, physiological responses and expressive behavior (Emotions). Subjective component refers

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  • Pages: 5 (1250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Psychology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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