The question posed here is that if it is ethical to use animals in biomedical research, there are various proponents as well as opponents to this perspective and in order to remove any bias this perspective will address both. Various states have implemented ethical frameworks in matters of using animals in research like the UK .this is to ensure that the all the animals used in the research are fully assessed in terms of harm and there is a detailed examination of the procedures performed, the number and type of animals used. Researchers must carry out the experiments with extreme care in order to eliminate or minimize suffering, where necessary this is done through the use of painkillers and anaesthetics. Research animals are cared for veterinarians among other animal health technicians who ensure that the animals are treated humanely both for the sake of the animal and to ensure production of reliable test results. Researchers propound that stopping animal research would be unethical because it would affect the development of new understanding and various treatments to those with health conditions that need such treatment. They add that without the use of animals, the alternative would be using humans and it would prove difficult to get volunteers and may at times be fatal. Therefore the use of animals is necessary where ethical considerations prevent the use of human as test subjects. Animal rights activists and public opinion accept that animals have rights and based on this it is unethical to violate these rights in any way, the experiments are morally wrong and the benefits to humanity are completely irrelevant. Furthermore the harm done to these test animals is certain while the harm done to humans by not experimenting on animals is unknown. In brief, animal-rights extremists believe that experimentation on animals is cruel and pointless, regardless of its function or benefit while the scientists and the bioscience community accepts controls on the use of animals in research and that animals should be used for research only within an ethical framework.
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