In some cartilaginous joints, there is limited movement, while, in some of the joints, there is no movement at all (Marieb & Hoehn, 2008). In the synovial joints, the fluid-filled joint cavity allows easy movement.
Research asserts that arthritis significantly affects the old people. The major symptoms of the disease are portrayed by swelling and stiffening of the joints. However, in certain conditions, the disease can affect the respiratory and circulatory system. Osteoarthritis is one of the rampant infections which affect the elderly (Marieb & Hoehn, 2008). On the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis is exceedingly common among younger people. Osteoarthritis is mainly caused by wearing down of the protective tissues around the joints. In fact, the cartilage tissue loses the ability to stretch, hence; becoming thinner, which poses a considerable risk to the aged. Rheumatoid arthritis is normally a hereditary condition (Marieb & Hoehn, 2008). The main cause of the condition has not yet been established. However, most experts claim that rheumatoid arthritis is caused when the antibodies attack the healthy areas of the body.
When a patient presents to their physician a knee joint, which is red, warm and swollen, there are several causes that might have attributed to the condition. . Types and Characteristics of Joints.
ReferenceMarieb, E., & Hoehn, K. (2008). Human anatomy and physiology (8th ed.). United States: Benjamin-Cummings Publishers.
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