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Type A and B personality theory Essay Example

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Type A and B personality theory

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Type A and B personality theory.  The design of the method is experimental and observations. The sort of design that is used in this paper is repeated measures through experiments and observations of both type A and type B personalities (Nagy, 2002).The participants of the experiments are men and women aged between twenty to twenty-five years of age. The number of the participants is approximately ten that help in determining the hypotheses of the paper. The ethics include participating in the experimental analysis all through the specified period without any disturbances until the experiment is all overdone.Apparatus used in the experiment include fried and Roseman personality questionnaire as a diagnostic tool. Secondly, dot-to-dot pictures, stopwatch to record pulse rate and finally, data recording sheet for the results.

The procedure of the experiment includes (1) briefing the participants through small notes written on a paper on what they are supposed to do; it is fundamental to avoid any confounding variables. Moreover, it prevents from telling the participants on the type of personality one is looking for during the experiment. The main aim of briefing the participants is to explain to them the importance of dot-to-dot speed test. Besides, the questionnaire helps in finding out whether certain type of person is quicker than another. (2) Attending to any ethical issues as part the brief to participants, for instance posing a question such as Does anyone have heart problem before the beginning of the experiment (3) administering the test and score sheet (4) if participants fit Type A or Type B behavior, they are taken to stage two or procedure two of the study by aiming the same number of Type As and Type Bs participantsProcedure two involves (1) taking separate pulse rates as participants seek missing number (the missing dot) (2) taking pulse rate after the participants have finished and doing the Dot-to-Dot experiment (3) debriefing the participants and explaining exactly what the experiment investigated and allowing participants to ask questions and giving them permission to access the results when the experiment is complete. Type A and B personality theory.

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References

Baldwin, D. A. (2000). The Effects Of Progressive Relaxation, As A Stress Management Technique On Stress-Related Symptoms In African American Assessed To Be Type A And Type B Personality. Thesis (M.A.)--Howard University, 2000.

James Nairne(2013): Psychology: 6, revised; Cengage Learning,672 pages

John M. Oldham, Andrew E. Skodol& Donna S. Bender(2007): The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders; illustrated, American Psychiatric Pub, 732 pages

Houston, B. K., & Snyder, C. R. (2008). Type A Behavior Pattern: Research, Theory, And Intervention. New York, Wiley.

Nagy, S. (2002). The Relationship Of Type A And Type B Personalities, Workaholism, Perceptions Of The School Climate, And Years Of Teaching Experience To Burnout Of Elementary And Junior High School Teachers In A Northwestern Oregon School District. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University Of Oregon, 2002.

Appendix

Appendix A: the data collected from the participants were recorded on a sheet of paper using s stop watch

The main ideas on the experimental data were collected trough practical experiences and the statistics given may vary depending on the personality number of an individual

Appendix B: the graphs and the table are drawn from different perspectives of the data collected which include participatory inclusions of type A and type B participatory individuals

Appendix C: Friedman example of a questionnaire in comparing the difference between types A, B personalities

The questionnaire

A. Never late

5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5

Casual about appointments, easy going

B. Very competitive

5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5

Not competitive

C. Good listener

-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5

Anticipates what others are going to say (nods, interrupts)

D. Always rushed

5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5

Never feels rushed( even under pressure

E. can wait patiently

-5 -4 1-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5

Impatient when waiting

F. goes all out

5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5

Casual

G. takes things one at a time

-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5

Tries to do many things at once

H. emphatic in speech(may pound the desk)

5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5

Slow, deliberate talker

The scoring system for type A, B behavior

C, E, G is scored 5 from left to -5 on the right

A, B, D, F, H is scored from -5 from right to 5 on left

Therefore E. can wait patiently -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 impatient when waiting

If you are moderately patient person and rarely worry about waiting, you score -2 but if you are a waiting person you gain 5

The final score is the sum of all scores. Some people get overall positive score and others overall negative score. Moreover, the higher the positive score, the greater the likelihood of being a type A person. Bigger the negative score more likely the person is type B personality. For example if the total scores obtained for the participants were 16, -23,13, -4,17,-7,3 we allocate the participants as follows 16(A), -23(B),13(A),-4(B),17(A),-7(B),3(A)

The tricky value to deal with is zero. In this case just count up how many minus and how many positive answers are there and allocate A or B based on this.

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