The war in Middle East history is so-called because it started on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), the fateful day of prayer and fasting in the Jewish calendar. This is also known as the October War. During the time of Yom Kippur, Israel was headed by Golda Meir and Egypt by Anwar Sadat.The Yom Kippur War began with a surprise Arab attack on Israel.On this juncture, Egyptian and Syrian military forces started an attack knowing that the military of Israel would be participating in the religious celebrations associated with Atonement. So, their guard would temporarily be dropped. The Israel was able to assume back an attack on Egypt’s that made Egyptians drop their weapons. America sponsored peace talks that led to the signing of peace between the two nations. This is a Review Article of four Hebrew-language books on the Yom Kippur War. These contain the memoirs of three officers "who served in key positions in 1973" (Yoel Ben-Porat, Arie Braun, and Eli Zeira) and "the full report of the Agranat Commission." From the abstract: "Using recently freed evidence, this article analyzes Israel's inadequate war deployment when the firing commenced and its impact on the failure to resist the attack. It concludes that since this deficient deployment resulted from the absence of a sufficient intellect warning, the intelligence failure was at the root of the Israeli failure at the war's start." Sheffy, I&NS 21.5 (Oct. 2006), 826/fn. 2, refers to Bar-Joseph's work as the "most comprehensive and updated academic study on Israeli intelligence and the  war." For Whaley, Bibliography of Counter deception (2006), The Watchman Fell Asleep is "strong, indeed virtually perfect on details." However, it is "seriously weak on theory."The author argues that, for intellect estimates, inductively deriving conclusions from known data is the incorrect method. He, then, develops a substitute methodology, based on the scientific method, which he calls the "serious method."
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