The last class was composed of farmers, labourers, tailors, shoemakers, and the like, who do not have their own lands to work and were thus employed with low wages (McCann, 2002).These four social classes were later on categorized into the three more general, yet still similar, social classes which composed the social hierarchy during the 18th century: the elite landowners, the middling sort, and the laboring poor. Form this data, the three basic English social classes can be seen—the upper class, the middle class, and the lower class, respectively.The elite landowners are the (usually) titled nobility of England that compose less than 2 percent of the population during and before the 18th century (Bush, 1992, p. However small in number they were, Bush (1992, p. 116) found that they comprise 15 percent of the country’s income. The 20th century saw these elite landowners evolve into the Upper Class. The members of the Upper Class was defined not solely by their wealth, but more importantly, by their status—“how their money was spent rather than how it was earned” (McKibbin, 1998, p. Ross McKibbin (1998, p. 2) states the members of the Upper Class as the members of the extended royal family and senior functionaries of the court, the old aristocracy, the political élites attached to the peerage by birth, marriage, or social affiliation. Social Classes in the UK: Then and Now.
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