The walls of the synagogue were painted, with the roof tiled from baked bricks; which were transported for more than 300 miles across the desert, to Damascus, thus becoming the national museum centerpiece. On the other hand, the church in Europos was the oldest of its kind, and it occupied the upper-class house of the Romans that was centered around the column courtyard that had an open room referred to as the atrium, and the center of the courtyard had a pool called impluvium. The opposite end of the church entrance was the tablinum, an arena raised for use by the family for ceremonial practices and as for reception (Davies and Whitehead 179). There are speculations that the congregation of the time gathered around the pool and it was used for baptismal purposes. Bishops sat in the tablinum for the celebration of the Eucharist on the table, and it is on the basis of this liturgical arrangement that the basilica churches were eventually designed.The church house had a space that could probably host sixty worshippers at a time and had its walls extensively painted. The paintings on the walls portrayed images of the baptism rites, the original sin, and salvation, with all these themes considered particularly relevant to the early church for the Christians that was actively seeking for the new converts. The Christian Building and the Jewish Synagogue.
Davies, Surekha, and Neil Whitehead. “From Maps to Mummy-Curses: Rethinking Encounters, Ethnography and Ethnology.” History & Anthropology 23.2 (2012): 173-182. Print.
Feugere, Michel. “The Excavations at Dura-Europos Conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of Inscriptions and Lettres, 1928 to 1937: Final Report VII, the Arms and Armour and Other Military Equipment.” Antiquity 79.305 (2005): 723-725. Print.
Neusner, Jacob. “Judaism at Dura-Europos.” History of Religions 4 (1964): 81-102. Print.
Olin, Margaret. “Early Christian Synagogues and Jewish Art Historians. The Discovery of the Synagogue of Dura-Europos.” Marburger Jahrbuch für Kunstwissenschaft 27 (2000): 7-28. Print.
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