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Sustainability challenge associated with urban dynamics Essay Example

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Sustainability challenge associated with urban dynamics

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These causes include lack of comprehensive planning, rapid population growth, consumer preferences and subsidized infrastructure improvements.Lack of comprehensive planning is one of the principal urban sprawl causes. Poorly planned developments in the outskirts of urban centers often happen due to officials planning in a densely populated urban area without consulting nearby communities (Chiara et al, 2010, p 3). The resultant less densely populated regions demand high expenses for infrastructural development. Rapid population growth is another key factor responsible for urban sprawl especially in the Southern and Western United States regions (Klaufus, 2010, p 5). When the population of a city increases, people will tend to move spreading further from the city centres. When communities in the urban fringes enjoy subsidies of roads, sewers and water from municipalities, unplanned developments easily sprawl in the regions. Some people prefer living in isolated places with much space for large homes, large yards and more bedrooms. This desire means movement of people away from densely populated city centres. The movement results in spreading of cities and progressively reduction in population density away from the city centre.A lack of understanding of unplanned growth consequences may also lead to urban sprawl. The government in most cases has not taken a consideration of the implications of urban sprawl. The government’s action of allowing developers to do as they wish may also cause urban sprawl.Subsidies on automobiles play a critical role in the spreading of urban sprawl. This, according to Hanson (1992), enables automobile owners to incur low costs of transportation and thus encouraging urban sprawl. People will find it easy commuting with cars from the suburbs. The table that follows gives subsidies for the years 1983 according to the value of the dollar in 1987, Madison, Wisconsin.The subsidies for automobile users though the statistics date back to more than a decade ago, imply that people found it easy to own and maintain vehicles and thus suburbs grew rapidly. This is because; such people could live away from the town centre and still drive to there whenever they wanted. We can imagine the gradual increase in use of automobiles leading to nitrogen emissions including sulfur oxides and carbon dioxide. The scenario led to impacts including air pollution, personal injury and environmental damage due to the

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Chiara M. Travisi (a, b., Roberto Camagni, (., & Peter Nijkamp, (. (2010). Impacts of urban sprawl and commuting: a modelling study for Italy. Journal Of Transport Geography, 18(Tourism and climate change), 382-392. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2009.08.008

Hanson M., E. (1992). Automobile Subsidies and Land Use: Estimates and Policy Responses. Journal of the American Planning Association; Winter 1992; 58, 1;

Karen C Seto, (., & J Marshall Shepherd, (. (2009). Global urban land-use trends and climate impacts. Current Opinion In Environmental Sustainability, 189-95. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2009.07.012

Klaufus, C. (n.d). Watching the city grow: remittances and sprawl in intermediate Central American cities. Environment And Urbanization, 22(1), 125-137.

Low S. M.. (2011). The Edge and the Center: Gated Communities and the Discourse of Urban Fear. American Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 103, No. 1 (Mar., 2001), pp. 45-58

Roger B. Hammer (a, ∗., Susan I. Stewart, (., Todd J. Hawbaker, (., & Volker C. Radeloff, (. (2009). Housing growth, forests, and public lands in Northern Wisconsin from 1940 to 2000. Journal Of Environmental Management, 902690-2698. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.02.012

Rudel T. K., Neill O’K., Gottlieb P., McDermott M. & Hatfield C. (2011). From Middle to Upper Class Sprawl? Land Use Controls and Changing Patterns of Real Estate Development in Northern New Jersey. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101:3, 609-624

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