This main argument, for instance, Etzioni provided the following reasons to justify that McDonald’s is bad for kids in terms of providing employment at this particular fast food chain: (1) these jobs were asserted to “undermine school attendance and involvement, impart few skills that would be useful in later life, and simultaneously skew the values of teen-agers” (Etzioni par. 3); (2) these jobs are highly uneducational; (3) the hours and working days were reported to be too long; (4) supervisory techniques impart wrong lessons in terms of compliance that was described as blind obedience, as well as shared alienation with the boss (Etzioni par. 14), and inappropriate and insufficient (where teens were reported to supervise peer teens); (5) inconsistency in administrative or supervisory governance (too tight or too loose); and (6) pay apparently spent on “flimsy punk clothes, trinkets, and whatever else is the latest fast-moving teen craze” (Etzioni par.Another reason why one strongly believes that Etzioni presented effective arguments to support his main point is that the author used and cited previous studies to validate statements that were presented. There were two studies noted and cited as needed: the 1984 study apparently made by Ivan Charper and Bryan Shore Frazer which supposedly relied on responses made by teen-agers from the questionnaires that were designed; and the 1980 study conducted by A. Harrell and P. Wirtz that aimed to determine the unemployment rate of those who were previously employed at fast food chains as compared to those who stayed in school.In addition, some statistics and figures were cited to support other arguments. The assertion that teen-agers render long days and hours working at fast-food chains cited the Charper and Frazer study which disclosed that more than 30 hours per week were rendered by a third of the employees or approximately 33%; 20% were noted to work for 15 hours or less; and finally the rest (or 47%) work between 15 and 30 hours per week (Etzioni par. Likewise, to further support the arguments, the author used personal experiences and narration such as the story told about his son who worked at Baskin Robbins in upper Manhattan (Etzioni par. This technique is effective in soliciting emotional appeal from the audience by visualizing an experience where readers could relate.The author also provided a balanced argument by citing some positive aspects at working in a fast food chain including
Works CitedEtzioni, Amitai. "Working at McDonalds." Chapter 6: Arguing a Position. n.d. 283-286. Print.
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