The Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center posted on their suicide prevention web page several factors that place a sailor at risk for suicide, but these do not mean suicide will be completed (Hyman et al.All stakeholders have to be fully involved in the implementation of suicide prevention programs. Involvement of stakeholders ensures the creation of a responsive, caring, and responsible environment. Such an environment is essential for the motivation of individuals to seek help without fear. In these programs, the key stakeholders involved in the provision of support to the Armed Forces personnel include mental health care providers, unit ministry teams, installation gatekeepers and the soldiers themselves (USACHPPM, 2012). Additionally, partners acting as stakeholders including health departments, academic institutions, non-profit organizations, private sector players, and federal agencies (CDC, 2012). Stakeholder’s key roles include helping with data collection on suicide and its risk factors, development of strategies aimed at prevention, as well as ensuring the effectiveness of prevention programs in place. These groups are important as they participate in training about suicide awareness at different levels. At the primary level, training of stakeholders centers on anticipating potential times of crisis in order to structure pre-emptive support systems. Secondary level training focuses on recognizing signs of distress. With training offered at different levels, it helps in coming up with programs aimed at provision of support, as well as intervening if necessary. At the tertiary level of the training, stakeholders are taught how to recognize and treat psychiatric disorders responsible for acute suicidal behaviors.Suicide prevention measures and programs are aimed at reducing risk factors while enhancing protective factors which help to drastically lower the risk of suicide. Interventions are in three stages. The initial step entails development of pilot tests on a small scale. The key point is to ensure that pilot tests are safe, effective and ethical.
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