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Ethics In Disability Sports Essay Example

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Ethics In Disability Sports

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Ethics In Disability Sports. Have been conceptualized as limitations in physical, mental, or sensory functional ability and activity that prevent or compromise equitable participation in able-bodied sport. Disability sport has been associated mainly with disability sport organizations (DSOs) or the International Paralympics Committee (IPC). However, people with disabilities can now choose to participate in a wide variety of sport contexts (Sherrill & Williams 1996). Thus, the meaning of disability sport has been widened to include any combination of sport and disability. DePauw defined disability sport as a term that gives equal weight to concepts of disability and sport (1986).Sport performance theory includes all of the inconstant, excluding classification, that facilitate explaining or foreseeing phenomenon such as attaining an individual best, winning and losing, managing injury, burnout, stress, anxiety, and other negative states, demonstrating health, well-being, confidence, empowerment, and other positive states.

These phenomena need to be addressed unconnectedly for dissimilar contribution levels like recreational, competitive, Paralympics sport contexts, and clusters of demographic factors including age, gender, type and beginning of disability.Many experts and specialists advocate that investigation on sport performance be approached in a disciplinary way by recognizing and influencing applicable variables associated with biomechanics, exercise physiology, sport psychology, and sport sociology. Another approach may be examining variables associated with effective and non-effective coaching, teaching, training, learning, counseling, administration, and other processes that affect sport performance. Attention must be given to theories applicable to winter sports as well as those in summer. Sport performance theory is a measurement or metric theory, which concerns to the strength, dependability, consistency and objectivity of data-gathering instruments and protocols (Sherrill & OConnor 1999).Most of the research that is needed by the disability sport community cannot be done without attention to measurement theory. Washburn and Copay (1999) relate measurement theory to examine the in assessing energy expenditure during wheelchair pushing. Yang and Porretta (1999) make use of learning strategy theory to enhance performance on the basketball free throw, overhand softball throw, and dart throw by adolescents with mild mental. Ethics In Disability Sports.

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References

DePauw, K.P., 1986. Research on sport for athletes with disabilities. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 292-299.

Guillemin, M., & Gillam, L., 2004. Ethics, reflexivity, and ethically important moments in research. Qualitative Inquiry, vol.10, no. 2, pp. 261–280.

Maehr, M. L., & Braskamp, L. A., 1986. The motivation factor: A theory of personal investment, Lexington Books, Lexington, MA.

Mastro, J.V., Burton, A.W., Rosendahl, M., & Sherrill, C., 1996. Attitudes of elite athletes with impairments toward one another: A hierarchy of preference. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol.13, no. 9, pp. 197-210.

Oliver, M., 1996. Understanding disability: From theory to practice, MacMillan Press, London, Basingstoke.

Schell, L.A., & Duncan, M.C., 1999. A content analysis of CBS's coverage of the 1996 Paralympics Games. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 27-47.

Sherril, C., & Williams, T., 1996. Disability and sport: Psychosocial perspectives on inclusion, integration, and participation. Sport Science Review, vol.5, no. 1, pp. 42-64.

Sherril, C., & O'Connor, J., 1999. Guidelines for improving adapted physical activity research. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 18, pp. 1-8.

Vanlandewijck, Y.C., & Chappel, R.J., 1996. Integration and classification issues in competitive sports for athletes with disabilities. Sport Science Review, vol. 5, no.1, pp. 65-88.

Washburn, R.A., & Copay, A.G., 1999. Assessing physical activity during wheelchair pushing: Validity of a portable accelerometer. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 219-23.

Wheeler, G.D., Steadward, R.D., Legg, D., Hutzler, Y., Campbell, E., & Johnson, A., 1999. Personal investment in disability sport careers: An international study. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 219-237.

Yang, J., & Porretta, D.L., 1999. Sport/leisure skill learning by adolescents with mild mental retardation: A four-step strategy. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 300-315.

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