The paper tells that a specific motivation for individuals to indulge in drug abuse is directly related to how they experience and perceive social organization, especially when they live in complex societies that do not define and reinforce values. For example, close knit families are notably rare in modern day society in comparison to the case several decades ago, where values were identified within the family unit. From such social changes, individuals lose self-esteem and involve themselves in behaviors that are self-destructive such as abuse of drugs. Rapid changes to social organization also lead to a loss of the community’s social and religious ties, especially when they occur when young adults and teenagers need time and stable environments to cultivate positive self-esteem. Sexual identity, perceived as the role played by females and males evolve continually, and the young adults and teenagers often believe the changes to be out of their control. Using drugs, therefore, is a way of dealing with the stress associated with the overload, frustration and adaptation. Most drug users can break their habits successfully while in rehabilitation centers, but some often revert back once in the real world. The reason why persons formerly addicted to drugs find it hard to keep off the habit is craving. The chemical responsible for the triggering of the cravings in the brain is dopamine. When someone experiences a feeling they like, such as the high addicts get from drugs, dopamine is what brings about the feeling of satisfaction that makes them want more of the substance they are abusing. Simply by thinking about their previous drug life or being in environments that bring back such memories will trigger the release of dopamine. The cue may be in the form of paraphernalia used in taking drugs. The signaling, which takes place on a time scale that is sub-second, is responsible for the spontaneous urge to use drugs. For counselors, an understanding of this process is the key to helping drug users put an end to the vicious addiction cycle. The reward system of the brain ensures the survival of the human species. The system is activated by many factors including food, sex water and, resulting in the release of dopamine. The reward system is also closely linked to subjective and emotional memories.
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