Pei, who was tasked to come up with the architectural design, whose main aim was to make the building stand out such that future buildings would never encroach it (Boussaa 62).The idea of the museum of Islamic art came after a series of tours around the globe studying Islamic architecture. Pei visited many places from the grand mosque in Cordoba Spain and the great mosque of Damascus where he found that climate and culture are very vital in interpreting Islamic architecture, although none of those evoked what he sought. The real inspiration for the design was the 13th century Sabil of Ahmad Ibn Tulun mosque in Cairo. According to Mr. Pei, the Sabils austerity and simple architecture blended well with the desert sun with its shadows and shades of colour. Therefore, the design would allow the desert light to play with the geometry of the museum of Islamic art (Salama and Wiedmann n. Although the building was built to have an international modern view, most visitors first impression is that it was a museum.The design elements embrace Islamic architecture from various periods of Islamic history. Water canals, a common feature in the Persian Chahar-Bagh garden features in the museum of Islamic art design, in the form of one canal aligned to the axil of the building. It is set in steps with two attached climbing ramps that lead to the main entrance. A water fountain, which is one of the outstanding Islamic architectural elements, has been added to the entry of the museum of Islamic art to give a beautiful scene and a holistic expression, especially to individuals familiar with Islamic architecture.The main dome that is becoming symbolic in Islamic art nowadays in the museum of Islamic art is double-shelled with an exterior cubic shape. From the inside, it uses coffered metal work to create the stainless steel dome that covers the atrium of the museum. Instead of the small openings between units the dome has one opening at the centre but still the same effect of lighting by the small openings is achieved through stainless steel material that reflects light at different angles (Rico and Exell 197).The semi-circular arches of the museum of Islamic art were not decorated in a traditional Islamic way because the design was interjected with modernity. The design elements were carefully chosen to pass the touch of Islamic art and architecture. The flooring of the atrium has decorations in form of a geometrical
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Ferwati, M. Salim. The Museum of Islamic Art: Form, Perception, and Environment. 2013. PDF File.
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Salama, Ashraf M. and Florian Wiedmann. Demystifying Doha: On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2013. Print.
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