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Socrates vs Confucius Essay Example

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Socrates vs Confucius

Socrates vs Confucius. According to Confucius, the governor is sheng (perfectly wise), and his task is not to seek a new knowledge, but to restore lost customs. Confucius believes that the order depends on revitalizing the old ritual as forgetting them has led to chaos. He sees the main objective in recovery of the previous order. Disorder is cause by losing the way and Dao. But the perfectly wise, sheng himself embodies order, harmony, antiquity, he is nearly an incarnation of Dao. Though there is no clear definition for virtue in the teaching of Confucius, he offers his understanding of morality. "Govern the people with severity, - he states, - keep order among them by chastisements, and they will flee from you and lose the sense of shame.

Govern them by moral force, keep order among them by ritual and they will keep their sense of shame and come to you of their own accord.”This quote means that law is not as powerful in ruling the society and maintaining harmony as morality. Greece proclaims the value of reason and the wise individual and focuses on the new knowledge opened with help of reason. At the same time Chinese view states the value of ritual and traditions orientating on the antiquity. The general philosophical aims coincide, but the ways for their pursuing discord. The difference between eastern and western philosophy lies in the difference of world perception. The Greek ideology, according to Plato’s conception, proclaims imperfection and inconsistency of the material world and excellence of the world of ideas. Greeks perceive the sublunar realm as chaos. That is why they think that it is only possible to achieve harmony through attaining knowledge and wisdom; if philosophers rule the world, order will reign. But Chinese ideology personified by Confucius does not offer escaping this imperfect world, actually there is no other world for it, it perceives the world as it is; Confucius recognizes his value in this world and aspires to achieve harmony and bring it to the world. Socrates vs Confucius.

Works cited

Bishop, Philip E. Literature for the Adventures in the Human Spirit, 1994. Print.

Confucius. Analects, Web.

Jichen, Shu; Paxson Thomas. A Comparison Between the Ethics of Socrates and Confucius, Web.

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preview essay on Socrates vs Confucius
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Philosophy
  • Level: Undergraduate
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