Govern them by moral force, keep order among them by ritual and they will keep their sense of shame and come to you of their own accord.”This quote means that law is not as powerful in ruling the society and maintaining harmony as morality. Greece proclaims the value of reason and the wise individual and focuses on the new knowledge opened with help of reason. At the same time Chinese view states the value of ritual and traditions orientating on the antiquity. The general philosophical aims coincide, but the ways for their pursuing discord. The difference between eastern and western philosophy lies in the difference of world perception. The Greek ideology, according to Plato’s conception, proclaims imperfection and inconsistency of the material world and excellence of the world of ideas. Greeks perceive the sublunar realm as chaos. That is why they think that it is only possible to achieve harmony through attaining knowledge and wisdom; if philosophers rule the world, order will reign. But Chinese ideology personified by Confucius does not offer escaping this imperfect world, actually there is no other world for it, it perceives the world as it is; Confucius recognizes his value in this world and aspires to achieve harmony and bring it to the world. Socrates vs Confucius.
Bishop, Philip E. Literature for the Adventures in the Human Spirit, 1994. Print.
Confucius. Analects, Web.
Jichen, Shu; Paxson Thomas. A Comparison Between the Ethics of Socrates and Confucius, Web.
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