However, the issue of the family outset, when Gemma has been involved with suicidal and late-night activities and fights, brought her to the brink of becoming a criminal offender. This case is contextualised as an issue on children behavior in a scientific aspect of their development.One of the pioneering theorists on the theory of behaviourism is John Watson. In his work on psychology, he believes that psychology in the perception of the behaviourist is a form of experimental science, wherein the goal is to produce cognitive states (mental process) that are readily observable in behaviour by adding or removing stimuli (Watson, 1913). This means that psychologists or behaviourists studies human behaviour by experimenting on stimuli to understand the mental processes of the people as shown on their behaviours.The second assumption provided is that the environment of the species (as Watson utilised animals for his experiments) is a contributing factor in the identification of behaviour. Watson (1913) stipulated that animals have hereditary or built-in systems that allow and disallows them to cope with their environment. However, his experiment on birds yielded that when exposed to certain stimuli from the environment, the birds of various species reacted differently. He was somehow unsuccessful in controlling the behaviour of the birds.Part of behaviourism from its early beginnings includes conditioning methods, particularly on classical conditioning. This method contends that behaviour can be conditioned by exposing the subject to certain stimuli repeatedly (Miller, 2012, p. This in effect resulted in controlled behaviour or conditioned responses. This has become a starting point for other researchers to develop behaviourism methods such that of Skinner’s (1995) operant conditioning, which provides that positive consequences from reacting to stimuli-induced repeated action (Miller, 2012, p.Other methods involved in this theory are behavioral modification as used by social workers.
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