The author conducted a survey among visitors of an urban park in Amsterdam, to investigate people’s “motives for urban nature, the emotional dimension involved in the experience of nature and its importance for people’s general well being” (Chiesura, 2004, p. The results demonstrate that parks and recreation spaces are beneficial services fulfilling human needs of an immaterial and nonconsumptive nature. The positive functions of green areas also extends to reduced fear, fewer incivilities, and lower levels of aggression and violent behavior among residents living in close proximity to ‘greener’ spaces (Kuo and Sullivan, 2001).Zhou and Rana (2012) suggest the use of an integrated valuation and measurement framework on the due to limitations in existing methods of valuation and accessibility analyses. They found that significant measure techniques in urban green space planning include the use of tools such as urban green space valuation in the providers’ perspective, as well as accessibility analysis in the consumers’ perspective. The researchers constructed a conceptual framework using a systematic approach quantifying social benefits of green space from provider and consumer perspectives. The social benefits of parks included opportunities for recreation, aesthetic enjoyments, enhancement of social ties, and increasing psychological health through promoting physical health (Zhou and Rana, 2012).processes, contact with nature contributes to health and psychological well-being. Parks and recreation spaces provide opportunities for physical activities, helping to create active communities through the ecological approach (Sallis et al., 2006); promoting increased physical activity among all age groups including children (Tucker et al., 2007), youth (Moody et al., 2004) and older adults (Orsega-Smith et al.The findings from research conducted by Kaczynski et al. (2008) using observational data and logistic regression, reveal that parks with more number of features had greater likelihood of being used for physical activity, while size and distance were not significant determinants. Similarly, park facilities had a greater impact on physical activity than park amenities; and specific facilities such as trails increased park-based activities to the highest level. Lackey and Kaczynski (2008) explored the extent to which self-reported and objectively-measured distance to parks was impacted by
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