Furthermore, the factories must provide adequate semi-annual and annual safety reports to the safety management agencies in their respective countries.Around lunch hour On July 10, 1976, a breakage in the valve at a chemical plant in Meda released cloud chemicals full of dioxin running more than fifty meters in the sky. The ensuing wind carried the chemicals southeast causing the toxic chemicals to cover almost the entire sky of Seveso town and the surrounding communities in the same area (Council Directive, 1990, p. Most research reports concur that the explosion released an approximate three thousand kilograms of chemicals in the air.The chemical components included 2, 4, 5 trichlorophenol, an essential ingredient in the manufacture of herbicides containing a minimum of one hundred and grams and a maximum of twenty kilograms of dioxin (Council Directive, 1982, Para 5). The damage was immense because there was nobody at the ICMESA Company when the accident occurred. This meant that it was not easy to notice that a disaster was in the offing.The toxic release as well as its aftermath affected communities and the land between Milan and Lake Como. The area has almost eleven communities (Couch, 1991, p. The highest hit areas were four and included Seveso, Meda, Cesano Mademo, and Desio. It affected seventeen people in Seveso, thirty-four thousand in Cesano Mademo, while Desio had thirty-three thousand casualties, and nineteen thousand in Meda. Barlassina and Bovisio Masciago municipalities suffered from post-accident effects with six thousand and eleven thousand casualties respectively. However, the government and other concerned agencies expanded their health safety programs to cover five other additional municipalities (Council Directive, 1989, Para 9). One of the richest and most industrialized districts in Italy called Lombardywas the most affected with Brianza being the highest hit area. First, the area started as an agricultural area but with time, small industries and workshops emerged (Drogaris, 1991, p. The furniture manufacturing industries transformed the region into a prosperous and one of the most industrialized zones in Italy.Recognition of the disaster was gradual increasing the number of people affected. Rancorous conflicts divided the communities in the affected areas. Few hours after the accident, people began experiencing initial signs of a disaster from chemical inflammation where children had burn-like lesions on their skins
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