Beginning of the 1990th, there had been issued a corresponding law, and by the end of 1995, the number of officially registered gay and lesbian couples was as high as 3000. However, even in this country, there are still certain restrictions imposed onto homosexual families: they cannot adopt a child, or have a test-tube baby. All in all, in many world countries, homosexual marriages are now legalized; however neither of these countries has ensured equal rights for gay and lesbian couples as compared to heterosexual families.The tendencies in the modern society are twofold: some people admit that homosexuals should be given the right to get married, but do not really regard this issue as a problem; others are prejudiced against gays and lesbians, and therefore completely reject the very possibility of such marriages. If you ask several people at random what their opinion is about the rights of homosexuals, they are most likely to reply that there should be equality in everything – at the workplace, in the sphere of social servicing, jurisprudence, etc…. but as the matter comes to marriages, the majority of them will oppose it heatedly.There have been multiple attempts to find out the reasons for this opposition, and it probably roots in stereotypes existing in the society about absence of any faithfulness and stability in homosexual relations, and gays and lesbians’ being indiscriminate in establishing sexual ties. Though in some cases this is true, the same statement can be attributed to some heterosexuals.There is also a common belief that homosexuals are able to “change”, and become “naturals”; however this is not true. As for gays and lesbians, they normally value long-lasting relationships based on mutual support and affection. Moreover, homosexual marriages restrict any indiscriminate relations, and it is one of their advantages. Generally, the conclusion is that homophobia is still very powerful in the society.Although most Americans are indeed opposed to the legalization of same-sex marriage, large numbers of these same Americans do not consider homosexuality itself a sin, and they welcome greater tolerance for homosexuals. Favoring equality, they do not wish to see anyone denied his rights. It is the seeming ambiguity in this position that has been seized upon by activists to stigmatize any opposition to same-sex marriage as evidence of homophobia, or prejudice against homosexuals per se. But a hirer way of putting it
1. Graff, E.J. & Rotello, Gabriel, “To Have and to Hold: The Case for Gay Marriage”, The Nation, 1996, 262 (25).
2. Kurtz, Stanley N, “What Is Wrong with Gay Marriage”, Commentary, 2000, 110 (2).
3. Mazur, Paul & Swan, Wallace, “Developing a Paradigm for Worldwide Gay, Lesbian Bisexual, and Transgender Public Policy and Administration”, International Journal of Public Administration, 2002, 25 (1).
4. Mazur, Paul, “Gay and Lesbian Rights in Canada: A Comparative Study”, International Journal of Public Administration, 2002, 25 (1).
5. “Report on Marriage Rights for Same-Sex Couples in New York”, Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 2004, 13 (1). Published by: the Association of the Bar of the City of New York Committeee on Lesbian and Gay Rights, Committee on Sex and Law and Committee on Civil Rights.
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