Their personality will change, as well. Individual behaviors are much controlled by their minds; they are not only controlled by culture. Psychology plays a crucial role in the way an individual acts and thinks and, therefore, it is extremely vital in the studying of culture and human personalities. Both Mead and Benedict worked tirelessly in order to prove that the biological aspect of individuals did not determine the culture (Benedict, 16). This differed with Freud’s theory which explained that, both biological and psychological aspects played a role in cultural development.Race and ethnicity, according to their research do not determine the culture too. They, therefore, chose to study the relationships of the native groups because they argued that the native groups had not been exposed to modernity incredibly much. They further explained that civilization had been brought about by the contribution of many races and could not be attributed to only one race. It takes different personalities in order to build an economy, social system and also political systems. These different personalities are from different cultural organizations. Each element of culture has its own history and some cultural traits are shared among different communities (Meyerowitz, 1065). Cultural traits are not limited by boundaries and can spread to a large area. Sigmund Freud found out that personality and culture could be explained through the use of the psychoanalytical hypothesis. This included use of examinations and interviews (Meyerowitz, 1064). The views of Margaret mead and Ruth Benedict on culture and human sexuality are related to those of Sigmund Freud in such that they believe that personality changes according to the area of residence and situations.Personality traits are largely based on the surrounding environment and can be acquired by anyone. Every human being s unique in nature, and they perceive things in different ways. This is what constitutes culture and cultural traits. Ruth Benedict focused on the connection between culture and human personality while, on the other hand, Margaret Mead concentrated on explaining the association between culture and the nature of human beings. Ruth Benedict attempted to investigate the cultural practices among the people of pueblo and the communities surrounding them. She explored the value of existence by comparing the practices of different communities and their
Benedict, Ruth. Patterns of culture. 1934. New York: mentor, pp 1-27.
Mead, Margaret. Sex and temperament in three primitive societies, 1935. London: Routledge
Meyerowitz, Joanne "How Common Culture Shapes the Separate Lives": Sexuality, Race, and
Mid-Twentieth-Century Social Constructionist Thought. The Journal of American History, 2010. Pp 1063-1069
Freud, Sigmund, Civilization and Its Discontent.2004, Penguin books, New York. Pp 1-18
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