This means that their consent is required before any kind of treatment is provided.The NMC Position Statement on The Covert Administration of Medicines, 2001, provides the guidelines for informed consent from patients. According to these guidelines every adult needs to be considered as having the mental capacity to consent or refuse to treatment including medication, unless the individual is not capable of absorbing and retaining the information by the treating staff, particularly when there are severe consequences due to refusal or is not able to understand the information being provided and unable to take a coherent decision. Should the individual be capable of giving consent then the individual has the legal right for the same and on the individual withholding, the same no treatment or medication is to be started. When the patient is unable to provide consent the same should be sought from the attending relatives or carers.The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), UK, is in the process of developing guidelines to prevent any harm to the patient as a result of the processes of the healthcare system. When these guidelines are readied additional guidance on patient consent and safety are expected. Roles and Functions of the Nurse.
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