Music is understood to be music rooted in Western European traditions performed by trained musicians in formal settings like concert halls, opera houses, and churches. When we hear of classical music, the image that forms in our minds is that of a large number of people with violins, an orchestra, performing in front of an audience. Classical music is the art music of the Western world. If popular music is written just to entertain, classical music is written to express something significant or great. Classical musics roots lay in the chant melodies of medieval religious rites. Classical music trends include trends of the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern eras in their sound worlds and conception. Popular classical music artists include Yo-Yo Ma, Glenn Gould, Philip Glass, and John Adams. Classical music may also include avant-garde music( Hutchings 99). Avant-Garde is taken from the French for "vanguard," which is the part of the armed forces that always stands at the front of the rest of the army. In the case of music the avant-garde are individuals who take music on divergent paths. Popular avant-garde songs include ‘Kissinger in space’ by John Ettinger. Popular avant-garde artists include John Zorn, and Steve Reich (Lipman 258).Classical music has unique distinct sound which may at times be accompanied by vocal singing. Only music instruments like the piano, flute, trumpet, percussions and violin are used in classical music. Classical music is usually performed by orchestras with a conductor guiding the music play. Classical music follows long established principles rather than folk, jazz or popular tradition. Classical music forms include; symphony, sonata, opera, suite, and chamber music. Symphony includes a large scale work for full orchestra. It usually four movements or sections often alternating fast-slow. Symphony composers include; Haydn, Mozart and Schumbert. Concerto is also a large scale work for a full orchestra but with the addition of a soloist. Most commonly this is a piano, violin or cello. The interplay between the orchestra and the soloist is the distinguishing feature of the concerto. Great concertos include; Beethoven, Brahms, Tchaikovsky and Sibelius.Classical music is written to express an idea, explore a theme or let loose an emotion. Most importantly, it aims to transfer that idea or theme or emtion to the listener and make them think. Just like picture art that may at times potray sad
ReferenceOnline. Retrieved July 23, 2007.
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