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Role of land use planning in judicious distribution of population, housing, and infrastructure and orderly development of the built environment Essay Example

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Role of land use planning in judicious distribution of population, housing, and infrastructure and orderly development of the built environment

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This is the area that comprises human activities except the open areas that extend to more than four hectares, land that is under cultivation, forest land, water bodies and other parcels of land that are under no productive use. Airfields and highways that are not adjoining the urban used land are not classified among the built-up land (Honachefsky, 1999).There are differences in the built form of different cities, towns and rural landscapes. Most cities’ built form is characterized by bands of social classes with an outward arrangement from the Central Business District which is the first band at the core. The second band comprises industries and warehouses, which attract a great number of laborers who settle within this band. The settlements are mainly informal and of low class. The third band comprises better housing for mainly the skilled workers. The middle class mainly occupy the fourth band with larger and modern houses. The fifth band comprises bigger homes than the middle class settlements. These are mainly people who commute from their purchased homes daily (Craig et al.Mixing of land uses is a modern practice involving development of different land uses within a particular location. For example, buildings can house a supermarket in the ground floor, an educational institution and a bank in the second floor. Residential houses can also be mixed with retail shops as well as offices. Income classes can also be mixed within a particular locality. Craig et al. (2002) observe that the mixing of land use is an aspect of new urbanism that is important in reducing the difficulties encountered in commuting among city and town workers. It is being encouraged by environmentally concerned land use planners in consideration of the green house gas emissions emanating from commuter and personal vehicles as people travel to work. Walking and cycling to work reduces green house gases and also helps in maintaining a healthy population when people exercise daily.On the other hand, people are able to reduce travel costs when they find employment in the neighborhood. Mixing regularly used services increases convenience and service delivery to the people. The emergence of urban villages as a result of land use mix in modern cities and towns has enhanced work-life balance for many workers who have family responsibilities that need constant attention. Moreover, the perception of safety has

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Bento, A.M; Cropper, M.L; Vinha, K. 2003. The Impact of Urban Spatial Structure on Travel Demand in the United States, World Bank Group Working Paper 

Berke, P. R. & Godschalk, D. R. 2006. Urban Land Use Planning, Fifth Edition, UoI Press 

Boarnet, M. and Crane, R. 2001. “The Influence of Land Use on Travel Behavior: A Specification and Estimation Strategies,” Transportation Research A, Vol. 35, No. 9 pp. 823-845.

Craig, R.C. Brownson, S.E. and Dunn A.L. 2002., “Exploring the Effect of the Environment on Physical Activity: A Study Examining Walking to Work,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, August 2002, Vol.23, No.2S2,s.1; pp. 36-43.

Evans, A. 2004. Economics and Land Use Planning: Real Estate Issues, Wiley-Blackwell 

FAO, 2003. Guidelines for land-use planning, FAO Development Series 1

Honachefsky, W. B. 1999. Ecologically Based Municipal Land Use Planning, CRC Press

Randolph, J. 2003. Environmental Land Use Planning and Management, Island Press

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