The role of gods also can be construed as trying to set fate back on the right course.
One of the major deities to play an active role in the Iliad, and the Trojan War in general, is Apollo. Apollo, the god of the arts and archery, supports the Trojans consistently throughout the Iliad and often intervenes on their behalf. He is also the first make an appearance in the poem in book 1 when he sends a plague on to the Achaeans at the request of a priest of Apollo. The priest’s daughter Chryseis is captured and gifted to the Achaean leader Agamemnon, who refuses to ransom her, leaving her father to beg for divine help. It is only after the Achaeans return Chryseis to her father and perform many sacrifices in his honor, that Apollo withdrew the plague. In this book, Homer shows that Apollo is capable of being compassionate and merciful towards his priest by honoring the priest’s request. But at the same time, he is also portrayed to be selfish, greedy for sacrifices from the Achaeans. This shows his dual nature, he is helpful to those who are loyal to him, yet he is willing to offer concessions for the enemies by accepting the sacrifices.
In book 22, Apollo is partially responsible for Hector’s death, but in the process, he saves the city of Troy from being destroyed prematurely. . Role of Apollo in the Iliad.
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