Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones. It refers to a condition that weakens the bones and makes them more vulnerable to fracture, which in turn cause severe pain and may also lead to disability. Many people around the world are at risk of Osteoporosis because of their low bone mass. Loss of bone mass is a silent disease because it often occurs with no signs or symptoms up to the point when a person gets a fracture. There are numerous risk factors that may make a person more likely to suffer from Osteoporosis. Fortunately, the condition can be prevented. This paper explores how diet and exercise reduce the risk of Osteoporosis and further looks at how smoking and alcohol consumption relates to the disease.
Calcium is a crucial element for effective bone development. Inadequate intake of calcium during one’s early days and adolescence stage can impair the development of bones and lead to low bone mass during adulthood. Low calcium intake in adults can trigger Osteoporosis by hastening the loss of bone mass (Smolin & Grosvenor, 2012, 454). One can prevent the risk of Osteoporosis by ensuring regular consumption of fruits and vegetables, which contain minerals like potassium and vitamin C crucial for bone development. One can also consume non-fat milk and yogurt, calcium supplements such as calcium carbonate to ensure the development of strong bones. Although the role of calcium in bone development is well-recognized, sufficient calcium intake alone is incapable of preventing Osteoporosis. Vitamin D also plays a crucial role for strong bone development. Vitamin D deficiency increases the chances of suffering from Osteoporosis. The metabolism of vitamin D increases the absorption of vitamin C and also reduces the loss of calcium through urine. Vitamin D is abundant from the sunlight and is synthesized when sun’s ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation strikes the skin (Smolin & Grosvenor, 2012, p.381-86). However, the ability of the skin to synthesize vitamin D decreases as one gets older. As such, one can supplement Vitamin D intake by eating fatty fish, fortified milk, orange juice, and cereals.
Slon, S., & Harvard Medical School. (2010). Osteoporosis: A guide to prevention and treatment. Boston, MA: Harvard Health Publications.
Smolin, L. A. & Grosvenor, M.B. (2012). Nutrition: Science and Applications, 3rd Edition. Ney York, NY: Wiley Global Education, 2012.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples