In addition to this, the constant victories of the Chinese especially in Xiongnu gave room for the expansion of trade to the west. This was a bargaining point for the Chinese since their goods were in high demand in areas inhabited by the Romans. Due to a centralized government, there was a sense of political tranquillity that led to an increase in trade. This increased trade generated more income for the Empire and consequently its influence in the region (Maddison 50). In order to ensure a constant flow of revenue, the government maintained monopolies of salt and iron. However, there was a major challenge in the dying years of the China Empire that destroyed its economy thus leading to the empires’ collapse. Due to the huge accumulation of land by the landowners coupled with the hefty government fines, the number of poor people increased significantly leading to violent rebellions. These rebellions made it impossible for the government to collect taxes and they made trade in the region to be impossible. With the collapse of the economy, the dynasty could not support itself and this marked the end of the China Empire popularly known as the Han Dynasty (Maddison 52). Religion in the China and Roman Empires According to historians, religion played a very central role in the rise of the Roman and China Empires. Rise and fall of World Empires.
Li Bo, Zheng. 5000 years of Chinese history. Inner Mongolian Peoples Publishing Corp, 2001. 200-585. Print.
Maddison, Angus. Contours of the World Economy, 1–2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History. Oxford University Press, 2005. 12-53. Print.
Scheidel, Walter. From the Great Convergence to the First Great Divergence: Roman and Qin-Han State Formation and its Aftermath. Cambridge University Press, 2007. 50-136. Print.
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