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Rise and fall of World Empires Essay Example

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Rise and fall of World Empires

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Rise and fall of World Empires. Apart from the Roman Empire, the economic factor was also critical to the rise and fall of the China Dynasty. After the Warring States era, the Qin and Han dynasties, which formed the china empire backed free farmers, which owned tracts of land and could be taxed. In order to enlarge its revenues, the state pumped in huge sums of money into the agricultural sector. I order to ensure that trade flourished in the region, the Empire standardized weights and the currency that was used in the whole region. This greatly aided trade, which had already been doing well during the warring states era (Maddison 48).  In addition to this, the region also had a well-established road network that enabled merchants to carry out trade on a large magnitude.

In addition to this, the constant victories of the Chinese especially in Xiongnu gave room for the expansion of trade to the west. This was a bargaining point for the Chinese since their goods were in high demand in areas inhabited by the Romans. Due to a centralized government, there was a sense of political tranquillity that led to an increase in trade. This increased trade generated more income for the Empire and consequently its influence in the region (Maddison 50). In order to ensure a constant flow of revenue, the government maintained monopolies of salt and iron. However, there was a major challenge in the dying years of the China Empire that destroyed its economy thus leading to the empires’ collapse. Due to the huge accumulation of land by the landowners coupled with the hefty government fines, the number of poor people increased significantly leading to violent rebellions. These rebellions made it impossible for the government to collect taxes and they made trade in the region to be impossible. With the collapse of the economy, the dynasty could not support itself and this marked the end of the China Empire popularly known as the Han Dynasty (Maddison 52). Religion in the China and Roman Empires According to historians, religion played a very central role in the rise of the Roman and China Empires. Rise and fall of World Empires.

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Works Cited

Li Bo, Zheng. 5000 years of Chinese history. Inner Mongolian Peoples Publishing Corp, 2001. 200-585. Print.

Maddison, Angus. Contours of the World Economy, 1–2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History. Oxford University Press, 2005. 12-53. Print.

Scheidel, Walter. From the Great Convergence to the First Great Divergence: Roman and Qin-Han State Formation and its Aftermath. Cambridge University Press, 2007. 50-136. Print.

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