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Rewrite paper- Impact of Climate Change Ocean Life Essay Example

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Rewrite paper- Impact of Climate Change Ocean Life

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Some of the natural causes may include volcanic activity and solar output. A great percentage of climate change has been attributed to human activities mainly, burning of fossil fuels and industrial waste gives rise to high carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. (CEICC & BLS & DE & LSNRC, 23). Water bodies around the world have also been affected by climate change. Many of these water bodies are a major source of water to be consumed by animals and humans and also to be used for agricultural purposes. Change in climate such as Global Warming and depletion of these water bodies is causing adverse affects to our environment and the ecosystem. Some of these effects include an increase in drought and floods causing people to be displaced. It also leads to less fresh water causing a reduction in the food produced and the revenue from agriculture (CEICC et al, 23).“Climate change is also driving changes in phenology”(pg 20). Polar bears are known to be completely dependent on ice to survive. Since 2008, polar bear has been among endangered species and many other creatures might soon follow suit if the climatic conditions continue with in the current trend. There are other creatures that are troubled by the changing climate and sea turtles are among them. They are affected by the rising temperature and sea levels at the sea (CEICC et al, 24).Currently there are six species of sea turtles that have been enlisted as endangered. They include loggerheads, green turtles, kemp’s ridleys, leatherbacks, hawksbills and olive ridleys. They are endangered due to the erosion of their nesting beaches and invasion by humans and animals that prey on their eggs. The reproduction of sea turtles is directly affected by climate change in three ways. Climate change causes sea levels to rise which washes away the sand on low level sand beaches. This reduces their nesting areas making it difficult for them to lay their eggs and reproduce. Secondly, climate change causes a rise in temperature. This affects the sand in that it becomes unfavorably hot for egg incubation. This in turn means that the eggs do not get to hatch. Thirdly, the high temperature affects the sex of the egg. The incubation temperature determines the egg’s sex and high temperature favors females. If this continues, at some point, no male sea turtles will be present and reproduction will stop (CEICC et al, 23).“If all the different species in an ecosystem

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Work Cited

Committee on Ecological Impacts on Climate Change, Board on Life Sciences, Division on

Earth and Life Studies & National Research Council. Ecological Impacts of Climate Change. NW, Washington: National Academies Press. 2008. Print.

Planning for a Changing Climate and Its Impacts on Wildlife and Oceans: State and Federal Efforts and Needs ; and H.r. 4455, Wildlife Without Borders Authorization Act : Oversight and Legislative Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans of the Committee on Natural Resources, U.s. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Second Session, Tuesday, June 24, 2008. Washington: U.S. G.P.O, 2009. Internet resource.

Climate Change and Northern Fish Populations. Ottawa: National Research Council, 1999. Internet resource.

Sundaresan, J. Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013. Internet resource.

Firth, Penelope, and Stuart G. Fisher. Global Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992. Print.

Samenow, Jason. "National Climate Assessment: 15 arresting images of climate change now and in the pipeline."Washington Post. The Washington Post, 6 May 2014. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2014/05/06/national-climate-assessment-15-arresting-images-of-climate-change-now-and-in-the-pipeline/>.

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